**Proceedings of the Ninth Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference **

**Table of Contents **

*Vortices and unsteady flow in turbulent separation bubbles, *M Kiya

*A description of eddying motions and turbulence, *AE Perry

*Ideal elastic liquids and their importance in non-Newtonian fluid mechanics, *David V Boger

*Co-current and counter-current two phase annular flow, *GF Hewitt

*Surface wave interactions, *MS Longuet-Higgins

*Synthesis of two- and three-dimensional separation bubbles, *MS Chong & AE Perry

*Measurement of instantaneous velocities in separated flow around a bluff body using laser Doppler anemometry, *LW Welch, C Carra & K Hourigan

*Under the reattaching shear layer, *WH Melbourne & PJ Saathoff

*Why is it that entrainment is not related to internal wave energy, *CJ Lemckert & Ian SF Jones

*Waves due to vehicles on floating ice sheets, *RJ Hosking & AD Sneyd

*Time series synthesis for wave simulation, *CD Christian

*Tri-axle tipper trucks – some new and simple devices as aerodynamic means of saving fuel – road and tunnel tests, *S Watkins, JW Saunders & K Gibson

*Some experiences of environmental wind tunnel testing of buildings to comply with city planning regulations, *P Carpenter, PD Cenek & NJ Jamieson

*Computer modeling of turbulent wind flows over buildings, *D Paterson & CJ Apelt

*Depth of fluidized zones in two dimensional packed beds with lateral injection of gas, *PH Flint & JM Burgess

*Sedimentation in the presence of upward currents, *G Eitelberg & RK Clarke

*A new use for wood pulp fibre suspensions as a transporting medium, *MRW Walmsley & GG Duffy

*Conditions for the coalescing of two-dimensional vortices, obtained from experiments with rotating flows, *RW Griffiths

*Convection and mixing in replenished magma chambers, *JS Turner

*Laminar fluid convection of varying Prandtl number in the annuli of rotating cylinders, *TS Lee

*Computation of velocity field in the vicinity of a helicopter*, KR Reddy

*Flow past a two-dimensional battened sail, *Barry G Newman & Bruno Ugolini

*A visual study vortex ring/wall interaction, *TT Lim

*Head losses in pipe fittings with stepped contractions and expansions, *CR Dudgeon & JE Hills

*Flow of viscoelastic liquid through circular annulus, *P Sambasiva Rao & MV Ramanamurthy

*Modelling of the decay of kinetic energy and temperature in isotropic turbulence, *M Lesieur, C Montmory & JP Chollet

*Temperature variance and kinetic energy budgets in the near-wall region of a turbulent boundary layer, *LV Krishnamoorthy & RA Antonia

*Simulation of swirling diffuser flow using k-E and algebraic Reynolds stress turbulence models, *SW Armfield & CAJ Fletcher

*Starting processes of a supersonic jet issuing from a circular tube, *John P Baird, Duncan Campbell-Wilson & Sudhir Gai

*Flow measurements in a high pressure ratio thrust augmenting ejector,* SA Fisher & AM Abdel-Fattah

*Momentum transfer in multi-jet liquid-gas ejectors, *VR Radhakrishnan, D Sen Chaudhury & AK Mitra

*Quasilinear unsaturated soil-water movement: Scattering analogue, infiltration and watertightness of cavities and tunnels, *JR Philip

*Tidal influence upon flow in rivers, *JE Ball & FM Henderson

*A study of the undular jump profile, *JS Montes

*An experimental facility for determining the aerodynamic performance of model helicopter rotors, * N Matheson

*Status report on new wind tunnels for the Australian Defence Department, *N Pollock

*An experimental study of hydrodynamic tilting thrust bearings, *AK Tieu & S Reid

*Sound generated by separated flows around bluff bodies, *AN Stokes, MC Welsh & K Hourigan

*The flow through a row of flat plates and the sound generated, *Tatsuya Matsui & Muneshige Okude

*Acoustic comparison of welding- and cutting-torch jets/flames, *SL Hall

*Nonlinear water waves generated by a moving pressure band, *WK Soh

*The fourth order evolution equation for deep water waves, *SJ Hogan

*Estimate of the angular distribution of ocean surface waves by means of microseism spectra, *AC Kibblewhite & CY Wu

*Some measurements of roof-top atmospheric turbulence, *SC Kot & KS Lam

*Wind loads on a lighting tower, *LW Apperley & KCS Kwok

*Wind protection in the vicinity of right angle wind break corners, *PJ Richards

*Two phase pressure drop in an inclined pipe, *V Ilic

*An experimental examination of the effect of inlet liquid distribution on gas/liquid annular flow in an annulus, *DRH Beattie & KR Lawther

*Application of wellbore simulators to management problems for a geothermal field – Case studies, *Teklu Hadgu & DH Freeston

*Laboratory experiments on convection in a rotating rectangular cavity, *SA Condie & GN Ivey

*Instability of laminar boundary layer in an axialy rotating pipe, *K Nishibori, K Kikuyama & M Murakam

*Flow in a rotating sliced cylinder: A comparison of laboratory and models, *A Becker

*The mixing efficiency and decay of grid-generated turbulence in stably-stratified fluids, *James W Rottman & RE Britter

*Some hydrodynamic aspects of flows with unusual turbulence characteristics, *DRH Beattie

*High Reynolds number heat transfer to the cold walls of a model scramjet, *A Paull, MA Morris, RG Morgan & RJ Stalker

*Scales and burning rates in premixed turbulent flames, *KNC Bray

*Using a simulation by ‘cellular automata’ as a help for turbulent combustion modeling, *R Borghi & R Said

*Two-phase annular jet flow, *Y Hardalupas, AMKP Taylor & JH Whitelaw

*Investigation of a flow generated by control tabs in a rocket nozzle exhaust, *CM Gourlay, JM Simmons & RF Meyer

*Separation of viscous jets using boundary element methods, *RI Tanner

*Flashing flow in submerged orifice, *Hisham TA El Dessouky

*Horseshoe vortices and bridge pier erosion, *BR Morton & JL Evans-Lopez

*Scouring at channel confluences, *AJ Sutherland

*Stream bed armouring, *BW Melville & CO Chin

*Wake singularity potential flow models of two-dimensional separated flows, *GV Parkinson

*Experimental and numerical determination of heat transfer from a bluff body in separated flow, *PI Cooper, K Hourigan, GJ Flood & MC Thompson

*Flow separation – problems and possibilities, *IS Gartshore & N Djilali

*Research and development needs in coastal engineering, *Richard Silvester

*Energy flux of continental shelf waves, *FA Shillington & GB Brundrit

*Spectral characteristics of ocean waves undergoing generation in New Zealand waters, *KC Evans & AC Kibblewhite

*An investigation of flow distributions in perforated pipes, *Ibrahim Tas & Raymond AA Bryang

*Flow in grooved channels, *JJJ Chen, YC Leung & NWM Ko

*Numerical simulation of turbulent flow in a concentric annulus, *PG Holland & CAJ Fletcher

*The nature of winds approaching and passing over shelter systems, *AJG Papesch

*Wind loading on porous cladding, *JCK Cheung & WH Melbourne

*Wind loads on isolated circular storage bins, silos and tanks: Point pressure measurement, *PA MacDonald, KCS Kwok & JD Holmes

*Stability of liquid coating in the jet stripping process, *CV Tu and the late CH Ellen

*High local energy dissipation rates in fine-clearance equipment, *JT Davies

*Modelling of gas-liquid hyrdrodynamics through packed beds, *R Salim Abbas & V Govardhana Rao

*Experiments in the entrainment phase of sense gas dispersion,* B Seeto & AJ Bowen

*Free convection heat transfer in an inclined open thermosyphon, *M Behnia, GL Morrison & S Paramasivam

*Mixing in a semicontinuous flow system, *T Wood

*Flow modulation in turbulent vortex chambers, *PCW Frith & RK Duggins

*The influence of a favourable pressure gradient on the growth of a turbulent spot, *R Sankaran, AJ Chambers & RA Antonia

*Influence of wall suction on coherent structures in a turbulent boundary layer, *RA Antonia, LV Krishnamoorthy, L Fulachier, F Anselmet & R Benabid

*Air entrainment at spillway aerators, *P Rutschmann, P Volkart & IR Wood

*Analytical and experimental study of flow characteristics in open channels of compound cross-section, *RJ Keller & WT Wong

*An equation for predicting bedload transport in steep mountain step-pool stream, *JG Whittaker

*A full simulation of a vortex ring, *SK Stanaway, BJ Cantwell & PR Spalart

*Visualisation of vortex flows around wings with highly-swept leading-edges, *DH Thompson

*Vortex shedding from a segmented blunt trailing edge aerofoil in subsonic flow, *SL Gai & SD Sharma

*Comparison of on-road and wind-tunnel tests for rigid truck aerodynamic devices, *S Watkins, PH Hoffman & JW Saunders

*Wind tunnel simulation of changes in the atmospheric boundary layer from rural to urban terrain, *DC Stevenson & WL Lee

*Pressure and drag on surface-mounted rectangular plates and walls, *JD Holmes

*Single bubbles and drops, simple derivation of slug velocity and formulation of a general velocity equation, *IH Lehrer

*An initial study of air bubble formation from an orifice swept by transverse liquid flow, *SH Marshall, MW Chudacek &DF Bagster

*Frictional pressure drop for gas-liquid flow in horizontal pipelines, *H Muller-Steinhagen

*A numerical investigation of stagnation flow, *JG Bain & CAJ Fletcher

*Numerical solution for the flow of viscoelastic fluids around an inclined circular cylinder, *K Chiba & A Horikawa

*Oblique shock reflection by the characteristic Galerkin method, *CAJ Fletcher & KW Morton

*The phase and time dependence of the wake of a wind turbine, *PD Clausen & DH Wood

*Propeller wind turbine rotor design and testing, *DH Cox, RJ Sanderson, LT Khoo & RD Archer

*Effect of incidence angle on wake characteristics of high deflection turbine rotor linear cascade,* N Sitaram & M Goverdhan

*Turbulent wind structure above very rugged terrain,* EF Bradley, PA Coppin & PC Katen

*Upstream influence and separation in flow past obstacles on a beta-plane, *MA Page & ER Johnson

*The hydraulics of stratified flow over topography, *Peter G Baines

*The roles of baroclinic and barotropic instability during cyclogenesis and atmospheric blocking, *JS Frederiksen & CS Frederiksen

*The numerical modeling of natural convection in vertical slots, *GD Mallinson

*Detection of structures in turbulent shear flows, *LWB Browne, DK Bisset & RA Antonia

*Lagrangian statistical simulation of turbulent dispersion in the convective boundary layers, *BL Sawford & FM Guest

*The difficulties in the measurements of Reynolds stresses in smooth- and in rough-wall turbulent boundary layers,* JD Li, SM Henbest & AE Perry

*Reynolds number dependence of a turbulent duct flow, *DA Shah, LWB Browne & RA Antonia

*Integral length scales in an atmospheric boundary-layer near the ground, *RGJ Flay & DC Stevenson

*Aerodynamic improvements to car radiator performance using a wind tunnel facility, *TG Hird, PW Johnson & B Pitt

*Wind tunnel contraction design, *Jonathan H Watmuff

*Effect of edge configuration on wind-induced response of tall building,* KCS Kwok, BG Wilkie & PA Wilhelm

*Two stage thrust ejections – subsonic flow solution, *AM Abdel-Fattah

*An axisymmetric jet in a moving fluid, *M Knudsen & IR Wood

*Influence of confinement geometry on mixing characteristics of co-axial swirling jets, *DP Agrawal, SN Singh, RC Malhotra & AK Raghava

*Calculation of strongly swirling jet flows, *JS Truelove & T Mahmud

*Three dimensional separated flow over the surface of a bluff body, *LW Welch, K Hourigan, GJ Flood & MC Welch

*Turbulent flow around wall mounted prisms, *WH Schofield & E Logan

*Flow induced acoustic resonances for a bluff body in a duct: A numerical study, *K Hourigan, AN Stokes, MC Thompson & MC Welsh

*Unsteady selective withdrawal from a line sink, *SG Monismith, J Imberger & G Billi

*A comparison of numerical schemes used in river morphology problems, *RN Croad

*Flow resistance in open channels with standardized triangular roughness elements, *CRS Pilai & TK Datta

*A thick viscous sublayer test facility, *LWB Browne, WK Chan & RA Antonia

*Structural similarity of turbulence in fully developed pipe flow, *JCS Lai & KJ Bullock

*Organized structures in a supersonic, turbulent boundary layer, *EF Spina & AJ Smits

*The dynamic response of pressure-measurement systems, *JD Holmes & RE Lewis

*A time internal sampling method for the removal of velocity bias in LDV measurements in turbulent flows, *WH Harch & SC Favaloro

*The use of advanced laser diagnostics for the study of turbulent reacting flows, *RW Bilger

*Model studies for improving sewage pump sump operation, *SN Tay, HK Lim, CK Lee, CT Khoo & TL Seetho

*Parabolic quadratic weir, *K Keshava Murthy & Damodaran Namboodiripad

*Oxygen uptake in sewerage pipeline, *AJ McNulty

*Further investigations of the aerodynamics of floatation ovens, *MJ Davies & DH Wood

*Atmospheric dispersions of tomago aluminum refinery effluents, *RD Barnes & RD Watkins

*The evolution of atmophericturbulence over a two dimensional ridge, *PA Coppin, EF Bradley & PC Katen

*Flows in IC engine manifolds during transient operation, *BE Milton

*Shear rate dependent viscosity of fluidized bed, *Longin Przybylski

*Thickness variation of a thin film under the influence of external forces, *CV Tu & WYD Yuen

*The effect of cylindrical boundaries for spheres falling in fluids having a yield stress, *DD Atapattu, RP Chhabra, C Tiu & PHT Uhlherr

*Flow interaction in a meander channel with one-sided flood pain, *SK Kar & AK Das

*Model pump sump testing,* Louis A Darvas & Ray Abe

*A note on the fluid memory effects and non linearities involved in oscillatory ship model manoeuvring experiments,* MR Renilson

*Nonlinear dynamics of inviscid shear layers, *RA Jacobs & DI Pullin

*Wave force on compound cylinder, *MH Abdul Khader & SP Rai*
The response of a laminar shear layer on a flat plate to transverse surface vibrations, *J Soria & MP Norton

Expansions and matrix expressions of 3-D compressible turbulent flow equations in non-orthogonal curvilinear coordinates and the method of numerical calculation,