**Proceedings of the Eighth Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference **** **

**Table of Contents **

**Keynote Addresses**

*Atmospheric modeling*, JL Lumley

*The prediction of industry combustion flows, *FC Lockwood

*Tidal jet frontogenesis,* J Imberger

*Fundamental processes of gas filtration, *R Clift

*Complex-three dimensional turbulent flows, *P Bradshaw

*Some features of the latest decade of experimental research on turbulence, * S Corrsin

*Non-simple pipe flows, *KR Sreenivasan

*Waves in physiological flows, *TJ Pedley

*Computer-extended series – Can we tame them?, *M Van Dyke

**Atmospheric Turbulence **

*Pressure covariance terms in the heat and moisture flux equations for local advection, *A.R.G. Lang & EF Bradley

*Measurements of scalar transport in a model plant canopy, *PA Coppin & MR Raupach

*Turbulent heat and mass transport in flexible plant canopies, *JJ Finnigan

*Full scale measurements of velocity, Reynolds stress, spectra and cospectra upwind and at the crest of a large hill in complex terrain, *DC Stevenson & D Neal

**Industrial Aerodynamics I **

*Recirculating gas flow in the blast furnace raceway zone, *IJ Taggart , WV Pinczewski, MJ McCarthy & JM Burgess

*The influence of nozzle geometry on the development of a three-jet isothermal flow field, *JH Perry & GE Pleasance

*Aerodynamic studies on jets issuing from swirled double-concentric nozzles with divergent exits,* T Mahmud, TF Wall & TS Truelove

*Three-dimensional numerical gas flow modeling of boiler furnaces, *RK Boyd & JH Kent

**Numerical Fluid Dynamics I **

*Application of the Dorodnitsyn boundary layer formulation to turbulent compressible flow, *RW Fleet & CAJ Fletcher

*Computational investigation of turbulent trailing edge flows, *K Srinivas & CAJ Fletcher

*Numerical simulation of flow in ramjet combustor geometries, * W Harch

*A Taylor series method for numerical fluid mechanics, *JD Fenton

**Geophysical Fluid Dynamics I **

*The effect of viscosity differences on the dynamics of convective mixing processes, *JS Turner

*Experiments on convection near the temperature of maximum density and their application, *GN Ivey

**Experimental Techniques I**

*A facility for wave riding research, *PD Killen & RJ Stalker

*Performance and economics of pressurized and atmospheric low speed wind tunnels, * N Matheson

**Industrial Aerodynamics II **

*An air separator, *EP Giddens

*An analysis of jet stripping of molten metallic coatings, *CH Ellen & CV Tu

**Dispersion I **

*Further results on the dispersion of solute from a time-dependent source, *NG Barton

*On modeling the probability density function of concentration in turbulent shear flows, *R Kowe & PC Chatwin

*Some experimental and theoretical results for the dispersion from a continuous source of pollutant, *AJ McNulty & IR Wood

*A Lagrangian statistical model of turbulent concentration fluctuations, *BL Sawford

**Industrial Aerodynamics III **

*Gas holdup in simple multiphase process vessels,* IH Lehrer

*Compartmental modeling for flocculation in stirred tanks, *PTL Koh, JRC Andrews & PHT Uhlherr

*Erosion studies and scale effects due to the impingement of cavitation induced water jets, *KS Janakiram &BC Syamala Rao

*Similarities between two-phase flows of model and full-size horizontal pipelines, *Zhou Shichang

**Industrial Aerodynamics III **

*The modification of flow resistance in a packed bed, *DF Bagster & HH Nguyen

*A device for mixing hot and cold air streams in square ducts, *JA Reizes

*Aspect ratio effects in floatation systems, *MJ Davies & DH Wood

*Investigations into secondary losses of a turbine nozzle cascade, *M Govardhan, N Venkatrayulu & D Prithvi Raj

**Oceanography **

*The open boundary problem for wind-driven circulations,* L Bode & RJ Sobey

*The effects of friction on currents over shallow continental shelves, * E Wolanski

*Winter wind driven flow in Bass Strait, *ISF Jones

*The structure and dynamics of oceanic transient thermoclines, *JW Hill

**Bluff Bodies I / Separated Flows **

*Characteristics of the flow separation due to an orifice plate in fully-developed turbulent pipe-flow, *MK Bull & NG Agarwal

*The effects of streamline curvature on the reattaching turbulent flow over a backward-facing step,* S Honami & I Nakajo

*Vortex formation behind stalled bodies, *AE Perry & TR Steiner

*Rotating cylinders in uniform streams, *BR Morton

**Applications I *** *

*Performance of a Darrieus water turbine at various solidities, *DJ Hilton

*A new vortex triode for proportional control, *RK Duggins & SM Rooney

*Prototype model tests of a high speed wheeled amphibious vehicle, *KV Alexander

*Response of a two-compartment containment vessel to a pressure vessel blowdown, *J Marshall

**Hydraulics I **

*Mathematical modeling of lag effects in bed load transport, * BC Phillips & AJ Sutherland

*Shallow flow over curved beds, *NS Sivakumaran & RJ Hosking

*The free overfall in a trapezoidal channel, *RJ Keller & SS Fong

**Numerical Fluid Dynamics II **

*Numerical models for flow separation, *WK Soh

*The calculation of transitional boundary layers by a two-equation turbulent model, * E Arad, M Israeli & M Wolfshtein

*Fundamental considerations in computational fluid mechanics, *G Tong

**Applications II **

*Mass transfer of oxygen to a burning particle in a fluidized bed, *RD La Nauze & K Jung

*An experimental investigation of direct contact latent heat transfer between two immiscible liquids, *P Battya, VR Raghavan & KN Seetharamu

*Computation of mixed flows in pipe networks, *I Joliffe

**Geophysical Fluid Dynamics II **

*On the role of small-scale breaking waves in air-sea interaction and oceanic remote sensing, *ML Banner

*Wave induced water particle motion, *BB Sharp, MH Abdul Khader & H Ullah

*Field measurement of shallow lake circulation, *IH Fisher

**Experimental Techniques II **

*Survey and recent developments of frequency, *P Paranthoen, JC Lecordier, C Petit & P Gajan

*Numerical simulation of hot-wire behaviour in the viscous sublayer, *JF Milthorpe & DH Wood

*Wall proximity corrections for hot wire readings, *GJ Walker

*Wall effect on a hot wire in a turbulent boundary layer, *LV Krishnamoorthy, DH Wood

**Aerodynamics **

*Autorotation for survival in a disabled fixed wing light aircraft, *RD Archer

*Some new applications of linearized airfoil theory, *GV Parkinson & GD Watt

*Vorticity in the wake of a helicopter rotor in forward flight, *KR Reddy

*Rank deficiency in the surface-singularity method for potential-flow problems, *LJ Doctors & DW Kelly

** Stability and Transition I **

*Qualitative investigation on Goertler vortices, *SH Winoto

*The stability of two-dimensional linear flow, *RR Lagnado

*Stability of fully developed turbulent channel flow, *VV Satyamuthry & N Afzal

*Boundary layer transition on an axisymmetric body at incidence in subsonic flow, *ML Robinson

**Dispersion II **

*The incorporation of wind shear effects into box models of heavy gas dispersion, *PC Chatwin

*Buoyant plume rise: Comparison between prototype and a wind tunnel model, *AJ Cambers

*Physical modeling of the dispersion of atmospheric pollutants in a wind tunnel, *KCS Kwok

*Bulk oxygen transfer velocity into natural water surfaces, *M Sivakumar

**Experimental Techniques III **

*Selecting gas borne particulates for model testing, *MR Davis

*Seeding problems in flames and swirling flows, with implications for LDA bias, *SH Stårner

*A facility for the study of nonequilibrium chemistry in an isothermal turbulent flow, *NR Mudford & RW Bilger

*A study of degenerate and non-degenerate critical points, *AE Perry

**Turbulent Mixing I / Bubbly Flows I **

*Mixing time prediction, *IH Lehrer

*On the shape-change and the shape-at-departure of bubbles growing at a wall, *TT Chandratilleke

*Chemical reaction in turbulent flow systems, *T Wood

**Numerical Fluid Dynamics III **

*Finite element study of some flow problems with thermally induced buoyancy, *BP Huynh & RI Tanner

*Computer generated flow-nets, *LT Isaacs

*Bubble growth by marker and cell technique, *H Zughbi, WV Pinczewski & CJ Fell ** **

**Jets I**

*Flow characteristics of mechanically excited plane turbulent free jets, *JCS Lai & JM Simmons

*A description of the velocity field of a vane excited turbulent jet, * W Harch, DJ Collins & MF Platzer

*On integral scales for jetlike flows, *J Bühler

**Turbulent Flows I **

*Investigation of low wavenumber turbulent boundary layer pressure fluctuations, *AL Carpenter & DJ Kewley

*The structure of smooth-walled shear-flows, *AE Perry, SM Henbest, KL Lim & MS Chong

*Separating turbulent boundary layers, *WH Schofield

*Some aspects of the fine structure in a turbulent boundary layer, *S Rajagopalan & RA Antonia

**Compressible Flows I **

*Contact zone instability due to real gas effects in shock tube flows, *AFP Houwing & RJ Sandeman

*A simple tomographic technique to study three-dimensional flow fields, *S-L Hall

*The evolution of turbulence in shock-wave/boundary layer interactions, *K Hayakawa, KC Muck, AJ Smits & SM Bogdonoff

*Jet entrainment and compression in compressible flow ejectors, *SK Chou

**Hydraulics II **

*Circulation blocking of tunneled ocean outfalls, *DK Wilkinson

*Alternating flow hydraulics, *D Davis & P Dransfield

*Surge tanks with horizontal galleries, *JS Montes & P Delphin

*Air chamber design centre, *HR Graze & HB Horlacher

*Kinematic wave parameters for parabolic steam channels, *DK Brady

**Turbulent Flows II**

*Experimental tests of higher-order closure assumptions for scalar transport, *MR Raupach

A simplified and accurate method of describing non-turbulent transport of momentum in turbulent flow theory, KRH Beattie & WJ Green

*Effect of wall heat flux on the longitudinal velocity and temperature fields in initially fully developed flow of air in a pipe, *K Bremhorst

*Turbulence measurements for the whole depth of water in a tidal channel, *C Osonphasop & JB Hinwood

**Bubbly Flows II **

*The Kelvin impulse: Applications to bubble dynamics, *JR Blake

*Bubble formation in a rotating flow, *TL Harikrishnan

*Small bubble production in a radial diffuser, *PG Mohamed, GJ Jameson & JA Raper

*High order boundary integral modeling of cavitation bubbles, *BB Taib, G Doherty & JR Blake

**Compressible Flows II **

*Experiments on a simple scramjet model, *RG Morgan & RJ Stalker

*Shock wave instability and instantaneous acoustic emission for arbitrary disturbance in real gases, *AFP Houwing & RJ Sandeman

*Opto-acoustic studies of welding-torch flames and cold jet mixtures, *S-L Hall

*Two-dimensional base bleed at subsonic, transonic and supersonic speeds, *N Pollock

**Turbulent Flows III **

*An experimental investigation of a two-dimensional mixing layer, *MA Badri Narayanan & S Raghu

*Large scale structural effects in a symmetrical four-rod subchannel, *JD Hooper

*Turbulent flow around surface mounted prisms, *WH Schofield, S Lin & E Logan

*Reynolds number dependence of a fully developed turbulent duct flow, *DA Shah, AJ Chambers & RA Antonia

**Wind Engineering **

*The aerodynamic admittance of a slender box girder bridge section, *ED Jancauskas & WH Melbourne

*Comparative studies of wind pressures on a low-rise building, *JD Holmes

*Effects of scale distortion on total loads on simple geometrical shapes, *RJ Roy

*Flow behind two-dimensional barriers on a roughened ground plane, and applications for atmospheric boundary-layer modeling, *JD Holmes & C Osonphasop

**Heat Flow **

*Convective fluid motion and heat transfer in inclined non-rectangular enclosures, *TS Lee

*Study of flow characteristics in thermosyphon solar system, *A Litvak & GL Morrison

*The effect of sounds on forced convection from a flat plate, *PI Cooper, JC Sheridan, GJ Flood & MC Welsh

*Analysis of a radiating gas in the thermal entrance region of a duct, *A Campo, F Malpica & A Jarrin

**Bio Engineering **

*Bending moments and muscle power in swimming fish, *F Hess

*Slender body theory in mucociliary transport, *GR Fulford, & JR Blake

*Ovum transport: Effect of secretion and variable ciliary activity, *PG Vann & JR Blake

*Performance characteristics of bird flight, *RD Archer

**Jets II **

*An investigation of the thin-jet model of the unsteady jet flap, *DI Pullin & JM Simmons

*Mean velocity distributions of an interrupted jet, *NWM Ko & WT Cheung

*The shape of low Reynolds number jets, *RI Tanner

*Some measurements of velocity and temperature in the preattachment region of a two-dimensional attached buoyant jet, *MG Webby & IR Wood

**Stability & Transition II **

*Some effects of free stream turbulence on boundary layer transition, *JP Gostelow & RM Ramchandran

*The large scale structure of the flow in the transition region of a natural convection boundary layer, *R Cheesewright & A Dastbaz

*Development of large disturbances into turbulent spots, * S Cheng, Ma & S Roy

*Attenuation of pressure waves in fluid filled pipes under conditions of engineering interest, *NW Page & DJ Mee

**Bluff Bodies II **

*Interaction of resonant sounds in a duct with vortex shedding from a plate, *AN Stokes & MC Welsh

*Aerodynamic damping of a circular cylinder in turbulent flow at high Reynolds numbers, *JCK Cheung & WH Melbourne

*Drag characteristic of sharp-edged bodies in turbulent boundary layer flow with negative pressure gradient, *KG Ranga Raju

**Non-Newtonian Flows **

*The virtual elimination of yield stress in certain very thick non-Newtonian fluids, *RR Horsley

An analytic model for drag reduction in turbulent flow when polymers are present, DRH Beattie

*A motion of a slender body in still polymer solutions, *K Chiba & A Horikawa

**Jets III / Wakes **

*Flying hot-wire studies of vortex motions in jets and wakes, *AE Perry, DKM Tan & MS Chong

*Excitation of a plane jet by periodic perturbation of the nozzle area, *SC Galea & JM Simmons

*Measurements in the wake of segmented blunt trailing edge aerofoil in subsonic flow, *SL Gai & SD Sharma