**Proceedings of the Eleventh Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference **** **

**Table of Contents **

**Keynote Paper 1**

*Turbulent mixing and reaction, *RW Bilger

**Plumes and Wakes**

*Wind tunnel and field investigations into plume dispersion through an array of obstacles, *MJ Davidson, WH Snyder, RE Lawson Jr & KR Mylne

*Transition mixing for plumes in a cross-flow with shear, *RE Dugan & EJ List

*Measurement of a cylindrical far wake, *LP Chua, SH Lim, SCM Yu & HH Chu

*Measurements in the turbulent wake of a rotating circular cylinder, *DH Wood, PL Peterson & PD Clausen

*Topology and transport characteristics of vortices in a turbulent wake: Effect of initial conditions, *Yu Zhou & Robert A Antonia

*Effects of end conditions on vortex shedding from thick flat plates, *JM Pickles, MK Bull & Y Li* *

** Gas Dynamics I**

*Response of a movable wall to a shock wave, *SM Nabulsi & NW Page

*Fluid mechanics of igniter discharge in large calibre guns, *WE Wildegger-Gaissmaier

*Interaction of an incident conical chock with a boundary layer on a flat plate, *SL Teh & SL Gai

*The compressible turbulent boundary layer on a strongly heated wall,* Doug Bong Lee, Franck Sochelau & Roger Leblanc

*A study of Reynolds analogy in a hypersonic boundary layer using a new skin friction gauge, *GM Kelly, A Paull & JM Simmons

*Three-component aerodynamic force measurements in hypervelocity impulse facilities, *DJ Mee, WJ Daniel & JM Simmons

**Atmospheric Flow I**

*Waterspout studies I – Genesis and evolution, *BR Morton, GL Roff & J Simpson

*Waterspout studies II – Ground and cloud effects, *GL Roff & BR Morton

*The stability of vortex dipoles, *Paola Cavazza, Gert Jan van Heijst & Paolo Orlandi,

*Lagrangian plume modeling in the atmosphere – Mixing down of morning buoyant emission, *Peter Hurley

*On the mechanism of shear flow instability in stratified fluids and boundary layers, *Peter G Baines & Humio Mitsudera

*A wind tunnel model of an inversion-capped convective boundary layer, *TJ Taylor & WH Melbourne* *

**Two Phase Flow I**

*Air entrainment in chute and tunnel spillways, *Hubert Chanson

*Effect of liquid viscosity on bubble expansion and contraction,* Zhimin Li & Logan W Apperley

*The effects of free surface and rigid boundary on a vapour cavity bubble, *Ching-fu Yu & Wee King Soh

*Novel bubbles in salty water, *Michael Borgas & Mark Hibberd

**Bluff Body Flow I**

*Numerical simulation of flow past an elliptic cylinder at moderate and high Reynolds numbers, using a spectral method, *Yoshihiro Mochimaru

*A numerical study of flow around two cylinders in tandem, *Ismail Celik, Franklin D Shaffer & Yu Yang

*Unsteady characteristics of fluid flow and heat transfer on a separated region of a circular cylinder, *Masaya Kumada, Masataka Kato, Sadao Fujita & Teruaki Mitsuya

*Prediction of vortex junction flow upstream of a surface mounted obstacle, *Mark C Thompson & Kerry Hourigan

*The turbulent shear flow around a rotating cylinder in a quiescent fluid (an interpretation of the turbulent field expressed in wave number space), *Yoshinori Ueki, Ikuo Nakamura & Shintaro Yamashita

*On the flow past a sphere on the axis of a rotating fluid, *MA Page

**Keynote Paper 2**

*Panel methods in marine hydrodynamics, *J Nicholas Newman

** Confined Flow I**

*Experimental analysis of natural convection in a tilted channel, *Oronzio Manca, Sergio Nardini & Vincenzo Naso

*Renormalization group analysis of nonlinear Reynolds stress models including effects of rapid straining, *J Michael Barton, R Rubinstein & RR Kirtley

*Flow characteristics in an s-shaped diffusing duct with asymmetric inlet conditions, *JH Whitelaw & SCM Yu

*Axisymmetric vortex breakdown in an annulus, *Naftali Tsitverbilt & Eliezer Kit

*The flow in a rectangular cavity on an axisymmetric body, *V Baskaran

*Interaction of the Ekman layer and sidewall boundary layer with system rotation and adverse pressure gradient, *Ian MacFarlane & PN Joubert* *

** Reacting Flow I**

*Implementation of reduced chemical kinetic mechanics in the PDF calculation of turbulent non-premixed H 2-CO 2 flames, *S Taing & AR Masri

*Experimental study of a scalar mixing layer using reactive and passice scalars, *JD Li, RJ Brown & RW Bilger

*Visualisation of CH, NO and OH 2D-LIF images and concentration profiles produced in low NO x burners, *D Proctor, IG Pearson & S Brumale

*Fluid dynamic effects on flame propagation in a vortex ring, *Katso Asato, Katso Asato, Yoshitaka Takeuchi & Takeshi Kawamura

*Numerical modelling of an RF plasma torch with swirl, *MZ Luo, JS McFeaters & GD Mallinson

**Particle and Droplet Flow I**

*Review of selected methods of sediment transport estimation, *Mehdi Habibi & Muttucumaru Sivakumar

*Effects of turbulence on the settling or rise velocity of isolated suspended particles, *Peter Nielsen

*Prevention of small particles passing through a narrow channel with a flat wall and a periodically curved wall, *Eiji Hasegawa & Tsuyoshi Otoshi

*The application of wavelet analysis to extract particle size information from particle-laden flow images, *Andrew Ooi & Julio Soria

*Modelling of gas entrainment into a pilot spray in a combustion bomb, *S-L Hall & BE Milton

*Isothermal two-phase flow development from a model slot burner, *JH Perry & X-H Yan

**Two Phase Flow II**

*Computer study on the rebound of a vapour cavity bubble, *WK Soh & M Shervani Tabar

*The analysis of photographic data of a vapour cavity bubble, *SB Harvey, JP Best & WK Soh

*An improved model for wave excitation in liquid baths with gas injection, *MP Schwarz

** Aerodynamics I**

*Vortical flow computations on a flexible blended wing-body combination, *Guru P Guruswamy

*A louvred auxiliary intake system for a turbojet powered target aircraft, *AM Abdel-Fattah, MF Lee & R Carmichael

*Lifting surfaces with end plates, *EO Tuck

*On the generation of tunnel turbulence for road vehicles, *S Watkins, S Toksoy & JW Saunders

*Experimental determination of the velocity field within and over riblets in a turbulent boundary layer, *F Anselmet, M Benhalilou & L Fulachier

*The effect of a single protrusion on the boundary layer around a cylinder rotating in an axial flow – conditional measurement in the intermittent region of a turbulent wedge, *Shintaro Yamashita, Masahi Ichimiya & Ikuo Nakamura

**Keynote Paper 3**

*Simulation of the Costa Rice Dome in the Eastern Tropical Pactific, *Toshio Yamagata

**Boundary Layers 1**

*Structure of spanwise vorticity in a low Reynolds number turbulent boundary layer, *S Rajagopalan & RA Antonia

*An experimental and computational study on the orientation of attached eddies in turbulent boundary layers, *AE Perry, AK Mesbah Uddin & Ivan Marusic

*Structure investigation in a turbulent boundary layer using orthogonal x-wire arrays, *P-A Krogstad, RA Antonia & LWB Browne

*Travelling disturbance appearing in a yawed cylinder boundary layer transition, *Y Kohama & D Motegi

*Response of a transitional boundary layer to wall vibrations,* SY Kim, X Bonnardel, JP Guibergia & E Brocher

*Optimization of particle image velocimetry using cross-correlation analysis with application to high resolution turbulent pipe flow,* RJ Adrian, RD Keane, CD Meinhart & T Urushihara

*Visualization of the three-dimensional time-evolving concentration field in a turbulent boundary layer: Preliminary results, *Carl Delo & Alexander J Smits

** Gas Dynamics II**

*Regular reflection of a shock wave over a porous layer: Proposition of a trivial solution hypothesis, *Susumu Kobayashi, Takashi Adachi & Tateyuki Suzuki

*Laminar flows of high enthalpy air in a compression corner, *SG Mallinson, SL Gai & NR Mudford

*Mach reflection of a weak plane shock wave, *Takashi Adachi, Susumu Kobayashi & Tateyuki Suzuki

*Aerodynamic aspects of satellite protection by upstream ejection, *Geoffrey P Cathcart & Michael N Macrossan

*Measuring the effect on drag produced by nose bluntness on a cone in hypervelocity flow, *LM Porter, DJ Mee & JM Simmons

*Hypersonic drag measurement in free piston shock tunnels, *SL Tuttle & JM Simmons

*Axisymmetric scramjet thrust production, *Robert J Bakos & Richard G Morgan

** Oceanography I**

*Models for the nonlinear dynamics of Langmuir circulations, *Stephen M Cox

*Mixing driven by internal Kelvin waves in large lakes and the coastal oceans, *GN Ivey & T Maxworthy

*Shear and instability in the flow driven by a shoaling internal wave, *JR Taylor

*A numerical investigation of the nonlinear interaction of short internal waves with inertial waves, *C Macaskill & D Broutman

*Large amplitude mode 2 deep-water internal solitary waves, *Andrew Stamp & Ross W Griffiths

*Wave transformation and dissipation on steep reef slopes, *Stanislaw R Massel

*Standing waves: Their stability and extreme form, *GN Mercer & AJ Roberts

** Thermal Flows**

*Multi-grid solution of the three-dimensional thermocapillary convection in a cavity, *V Sass & HJ Rath

*Numerical modelling of free convective heat transfer from heated plates in an enclosure, *PW Cleary, AN Stokes, JG Symons & PC Bandopadhayay

*Conduction blocking effects in stratified intrusion jets, *SW Armfield

*A numerical study of natural convection in an inclined thermosyphon with an open top, *FO Gaa, M Behnia, SS Leong & GL Morrison

*Numerical simulation of low Pr unsteady natural convection, *PS Esposito & M Behnia

*Bifurcation phenomena in confined double-diffusive convection with lateral heating, *Naftali Tsitverbilt & Eliezer Kit

*Multiple sources of buoyancy in a naturally ventilated enclosure, *P Cooper & PF Linden

** Hydrodynamics I**

*Time-domain analysis of ship motions in following waves, *Masami Hamamoto & Kimio Saito

*The motions of ships in shallow water, *KP Klaka & GA Webb

*Wave forces on a ship running in quartering seas – A simplified calculation method, *N Umeda & MR Renilson

*Water penetration by high velocity projectiles, *M Chick, TJ Bussell & AP Linnane

*Morison forcing of compliant vertical cylinders under the relative velocity assumption,* Nicholas Haritos

*Hydrodynamic excitation of single-point-mooring systems, *Nicholas Haritos & Datong He

*Hydromechanics of moored offshore structures: Prediction of environmental loads, motion responses and mooring forces, *Wang Dongjiao & Mahmoud Katory

**Jets and Shear Layers I**

*On the formation of wake induced structures in a basic annular jet, *KK Lau & NWM Ko

*Some experimental studies of vortex rings generated at tube and orifice openings using particle image velocimetry, *TT Lim, RF LaFontaine, IC Shepherd & AE Perry

*The character of the instability of the separated shear layer from a square leading edge flat plate, *Julio Soria & Jie Wu

*Multiscale analysis of organized motion in turbulent shear flow, *DK Bisset & RA Antonia

*The geometry of turbulent fine scale structure, *Brian J Cantwell

*Joint statistics between temperature and the temperature dissipation components in a turbulent round jet,* J Mi & RA Antonia

*On the hydrodynamic instability of the wall jet, *MD Zhou, J Rothstein & I Wyganski

*Instability in variable density round jets, *Murray Rudman, Ralf J Gathmann & Marcel Lesieur

** Reacting Flows II**

*Ignition of detonation behind reflected shock structures, *DA Jones, ES Oran & M Sichel

*On the existence of real standing detonations in scramjets, *Michael A Nettleton & Andrzej Teodorczyk

*Hypersonic ignition in a scramjet, *A Paull

*Energy redistribution of nonequilibrium hypervelocity flow in a scramjet duct, *NR Ward & RJ Stalker

*Scaling and ignition effects in scramjets, *Maria V Pulsonetti

*Species measurements using mass spectrometry in high Mach number flows, *KA Skinner

*Effect of fuel stagnation temperature on supersonic combustion with transverse injection, *MN Wendt & RJ Stalker

*Numerical and experimental studies of a pulse combustor, *Joseph Ha, David Proctor, Ian G Pearson & Sam Brumale* *

**Particle and Droplet Flow II**

*Sedimentation velocity of some complex-shaped particles in Newtonian and non-Newtonian liquids, *V Ilic, JJ Vincent, R Zhang & N Phan-Thien

*Fluid mechanics and mining, *Keith Travers

*Snowdrifting around groups of Antarctic buildings, *KCS Kwok, DJ Smedley & DH Kim

*Modelling of fluid dynamics in an electrostatic precipitator, *S-L Hall

*Flow visualization and velocity measurement in a classifier model, *RF White, JF Peirce, SJ Meddings, JG Symons & J Jones* *

** Computational Fluid Dynamics I**

*A particle method for the solution of a one-dimensional non-linear equation, *Alan Easton, Manmohan Singh & Gurong Cui

*A near-wall model for the dissipation tensor, *J Blair Perot & P Moinm

*A note on the degree of universality in turbulence modeling, *G Romberg

*Regularisation of point-vortex methods by the inclusion of viscous effects, *Gordon Hume

*Application of dual stream functions to the visualization of three dimensional fluid motion, *GD Mallinson & DN Kenwright

*Flow simulation in a three-dimensional square enclosure with spacers, *Liren Yu & Songping Zhu

*A simple algorithm for generating the continuity and Navier-Stokes relations in the series-expansion solution of the Navier-Stokes equations, *MS Chong

*A calculation procedure for the three-dimensional turbulent flows using non-staggered grids, *Baojun Song, Chuangang Gu & Yongmiao Miao* *

** Bluff Body Flow II**

*Flow characteristics around two crossed circular cylinders, *Hidemi Yamada & Hideo Osaka

*Vortex shedding from specially shaped cylinders, *CO Popiel, DI Robinson & JT Turner

*An experimental study of the flow around cylinders joined with a step in the diameter, *C Norberg

*Control of flow around a circular cylinder by a small strip of thin plate in the near wake, *M Miyata & T Ohshima

*Visualisation of a circular cylinder near-wake flow field by a CAFV technique, *Ryoji Waka, Fumio Yoshino, Tsutomo Hayashi & Seiji Takebayashi

*Flow control around a circular cylinder by a small cylinder, *Tamotsu Igarishi & Takayuki Tsutsui

*Fluctuating loads on cantilevered cylinders in uniform flow, *CJ Apelt & TA Fox

*Force coefficients of dynamically responding vertical cylinders derived from “pluck” tests, *Nicholas Haritos & Murray Townsend* *

**Keynote Paper 4**

*Fifty years with fluid mechanics, *George Batchelor

** Boundary Layers II**

*Effect of sectional shape of rib on turbulent shear flow over rows of two-dimensional ribs on a ground plane, *Shiki Okamoto, Shozo Seo, Kouichiru Nakaso, Hisaya Morishita & Kazuaki Namiki

*A turbulent low Reynolds number k-ε model for riblet flows, *L Djenidi & RA Antonia

*What happens if a lebu device is inserted in the inner wall region?, *PG Hollis, JCS Lai, & KJ Bullock

*Some aspects of the effects of streamline convergence on a fully developed turbulent boundary layer, *Salah Hafez & Peter N Joubert

*The reattached turbulent shear layer behind a two-dimensional curved hill, *V Baskaran, AJ Smits & PN Joubert

*Characteristics of positive and negative pressure fluctuations in the near-wall region of a turbulent flow, *LWB Browne

*Study of laminar separation bubbles at low Reynolds number under various conditions,* Alex CH Tan & Douglass J Auld

** Molten Materials**

*Fluid dynamics, heat transfer and solidification in strip-casting metal-delivery systems, *JS Truelove, TA Gray & PC Campbell

*Optimisations applied to industrial computational fluid dynamics, *AJ Lewis, JS Truelove, P Flint & AD Brent

*Calibration of the fluid flow aspects of a continuous casting mould numerical model, *Paul J Flint, Qinglin He, Rama B Mahapatra & Joe Herbertson

*Stratification in steelmaking ladles, *PR Austin, MA Gebhard & QL He

*Modelling of steel delivery and fluid flow in thin slab caster moulds, *Thomas A Honeyands, John Lucas, Joe Herbertson & John Chambers

*Mould flow considerations during the continuous casting of steel, *MB Harris & GD Mallinson

*The filling of a vertical plate mould, *CJ Were & GD Mallinson

**Oceanography II**

*Convection over topography in rotating fluids, *Scott A Condie & Peter B Rhines

*The role of bottom friction in redistribution of energy in the tidal spectrum, *M Amin

*Wave-convection coupling in multicomponent convection, *Andrew Stamp & Ross W Griffiths

*Baroclinic vortex simulation, *F Lalli, P Verzicco & E Campana

*Raindrops in the sea I – Generation of vorticity and vortex ring production,* BR Morton & RW Cresswell

*Raindrops in the sea II – Experimental studies of vortex ring generation, *RW Cresswell & BR Morton

*Direct measurement of buoyancy flux in the field, *David A Luketina, Charles J Lemckert & Jorg Imberger

**Two Phase Flow III**

*Analysis of single-component two-phase critical flow through a converging nozzle: Application of a three layer model, *Junji Ochi, Kyozo Ayukawa, Genta Kawahara & Takahrio Umezaki

*Effects of pipe diameter on pressure drop calculations in horizontal two-phase flow, *CH Newton, M Bhardway & M Behnia

*Measurement of two-phase flow rates, *MR Davis & Demao Wang

*Bubble rise velocity in an inclined channel and the effects of channel width, *JJJ Chen, Jianchao Zhao, Kangxing Qian, BJ Welch & MP Taylor

*The effects of latent heat in an immerdsed vapour bubble, *WK Soh

*Damping of standing waves in cylindrical vessels,* Jong-Leng Liow & Neil B Gray

*Experimental determination of fuel film flows in manifolds, *M Behnia & BE Milton

** Hyrdrodynamics II**

*Hydrodynamics of shiphandling tugs, *PA Brandner

*Measurements of the airflow about a 1/64 scale FFG-7 frigate model and correlation with full scale results, * N Matheson

*Simulation of fluctuating airwake velocity over the flight deck of an FFG-7 frigate, *Lincoln P Erm & Neil E Gilbert

*Corrections for the finite-water-depth effects on ship resistance, *LJ Doctors & MR Renilson

*Exploiting periodicity in boundary integral equations, *JD Fenton

*Improvements in the computation of the wave function in the Neumann-Kelvin ship wave problem,* Greg Marr

**Keynote Paper 5**

*Vortices in the atmosphere, *Enzo Levi* *

** Confined Flow II**

*Pressure losses in sine-waved tube flow, *CO Popiel, JHC Hattingh, F Rosslee & DF van der Merwe

*Flow and friction loss in a two-dimensional channel with rough walls, *Shiro Akaike, Ichiro Nakane, Mitsumasa Nemoto & Toshimichi Sakai

*Numerical valiation of isothermal and non-isothermal turbulent swirling flows in annuli, *YS Morsi, CB Solnordal, DD Atapattu & NB Gray

*The measurement of Xu/Xy in the wall region of a turbulent channel flow, *Y Zhu & RA Antonia

*Observation of the flow around a circular cylinder and a trapezoidal cylinder in a circular pipe by a dye-injection method, *Kyoji Kamemoto, Yoshifumi Yokoi & Eiji Tanaka

*The stability of spatially developed pipe flows impulsively started from rest, *EA Moss & DF da Silva* *

** Gas Dynamics III**

*Shock interactions with hypersonic mixing layers – Steady flow analysis and experiments, *DR Buttsworth & RG Morgan

*Computation of high speed flows using an explicit spatial marching algorithm, *K Srinivas

*Modelling of a scramjet flow using various turbulence models, *Craig Brescianini & Richard Morgan

*A compound isentropic free piston driver for expansion tunnels, *RG Morgan

*On efficient shock-focusing configurations, *LZ Dumitrescu

*Flow measurements and calibration of a superorbital expansion tube, *AJ Neely & RG Morgan

* ***Particle and Droplet Flow III**

*Behaviour of a water drop on a rotating non-wettable tube, *Tsotumo Hosokawa, Yoshiki Fujiwara, Yoshifumi Ogami & Katsuhiko Jindo

*The effect of electrodewatering on the flow characteristics of black coal – Water suspensions in pipes, *PK Rozakeas, RJ Snow, SN Bhattacharya & CU Jones

*A new technique for measuring the degree of suspension in mechanically agitated vessels, *GR Drewer, GJ Jameson & N Ahmed

*Dynamic behaviour of particle clouds, *Hamid Rahimipour & David Wilkinson

*Sedimentation and mixing at the top of a layer of suspended particles, *J Stewart Turner & Herbert E Huppert

*Experimental investigation of two-phase flows at low Reynolds numbers, *F Christo & Y Levy* *

** Viscous Flow I**

*The mixing of pseudo-plastic yield stress slurries: Mass transfer, *Quoc-Khanh Tran, Richard R Horsley, John A Reizes & Ming H Ang

*A control volume method for non-Newtonian flow and its application to polymer processing, *X-L Luo

*A method for the determination of the plug interface and the flow of a Bingham fluid between rotating cylinders, *PF Siew, JA Reizes, RR Horsley & SW Lye

*Modelling human coronary artery blood flow, *Peter R Johnston & David Kilpatrick

*Flow visualization in a cardiac assist device, *Allen H Nugent, Christopher D Bertram, Chun-xiu Ye & Mitsuo Umezu

** Aerodynamics II**

*An experimental investigation of the separating shear layer from a circular cylinder, *Jie Wu, Jheridan, J Soria, MC Welsh & GJ Walker

*Flow visualisation of vortex shedding from slender cylinders in near-axial flow, *WA Dekkers & MK Bull

*Flow interference between two three-dimensional circular cylinders in turbulent flow,* H Zhang & WH Melbourne

*Base pressure recovery for segmented trailing edge aerofoils, *MS Petrusuma & SL Gai

*Prediction of mean base pressure behind castellated blunt trailing edge aerofoils at supersonic speeds, *EC Magi & SL Gai

*The effects of wall roughness and the external flow structure on backward-facing step flows, *MS Badri Kusuma, Claude Rey & Patrice G Mestayer* *

**Keynote Paper 6**

*Current aerodynamic issues for aircraft engines, * NA Cumpsty

**Boundary Layers III**

*Wall friction and the structure of near-wall turbulence, *Javier Jimenez

*Low Reynolds number effects on near-wall turbulence, *RA Antonia & J Kim

*Turbulence spectra in the near-wall region, *SM Henbest, JD Li & AE Perry

*A study of combined effects of rotation and adverse pressure gradient on turbulent boundary layer flows: Part 1 – Mean flow results, *G Ibal & PN Joubert

*Cone angles and Reynolds stresses in an adverse pressure gradient boundary layer, *I Marusic & AE Perry

*Boundary layer development on paper drying felts, *SA Rearson

*Turbulent boundary layers at low Reynolds numbers, *Lincoln P Erm & Peter N Joubert* *

**Turbomachinery I**

*A study of the inlet vortex in a centrifugal fan, *P Chen, M Soundra-Nayagam, AN Bolton & HC Simpson

*Swirling flow in a straight draft tube with annular and rectangular cross section, *Toshiaki Kanemoto, Takashi Kubota & Haruo Ishibashi

*A parametric study of factors affecting flow separation in a high speed impeller passage, *NA Ahmed, RL Elder & M Lobo

*Some fundamental aspects of centrifugal pump design, *LE Reece

*A new range of 5kW microhydro generating sets, *JK Raine & S Heng

*Performance of low specific speed pumps, *Junichi Kurokawa, Takeshi Yamada & Hiroshi Hiraga* *

Wind Engineering

*A general investigation of structural wind loading and the effect of shielding, *Zulkifli A Latiff & AD Grant

*High Reynolds number wind tunnel measurements of pressures on a curved roof building, *JCK Cheung, JD Holmes & WH Melbourne

*Detailed approach for the evaluation of full-scale and model pressure measurements on a cantilever grandstand, * NG Pitsis

*Investigation of separation bubbles and inclined edge vortices above model buildings using laser Doppler anemometry, *AJ Minson & CJ Wood

*A formula for predicting resultant comfort parameters around and between buildings, *AA Wahab & RA Sawyer

*A detailed study on the formation of venturi effect, *AA Wahab & RA Sawyer

*Modelling of plume dispersion in an urban environment under neutral and stably stratified conditions, *TJ Taylor, WH Melbourne & CF Grainger

**Viscous Flow II**

*An experimental study on the dynamic behaviour of a hydrodynamic journal bearing, *AK Tieu & ZL Qiu

*Steady state performance of a tri-pocket journal bearing, *Douglas Hargreaves & BM Reid

*An optimisation of the orifice restrictors of a hydrostatic journal bearing with four circular recesses, *ZL Qiu & AK Tieu

*Behaviour of small diameter evaporating jets, *TA Kowaleski, WJ Hiller & M Behnia

*Reynolds stress expression in a superlaminar lubrication film, *PB Kosasih, AK Tieu & MR MacKenzie

*Helical flow of non-Newtonian fluids in a co-axial rheometer, *SN Battacharya, SH Javadpour & AG Chryss* *

**Hydraulics I**

*Predicting the eddy kinematic viscosity in natural rivers, *Graham A Jenkins

*A transition function for artificial strip roughness in open channels, *John C MacIntosh & Lewis T Isaacs

*Pollutant dispersion in channels of complex cross-section, *RI Nokes & GO Hughes

*The mean vorticity downstream of a hydraulic jump, *Hans Hornung

*Improvement of flow and bed topography in a curved channel by reducing the slope of the outer bank, *Shoji Fukuoka, Tatsuya Nishimura & Takeshi Sannomiya

*A review of the last round table on water column separation – Valencia, September 1991, *BB Sharp

*Curvature analysis of spillway profiles, *JS Montes

**Turbulent Mixing I**

*Measurement of concentration statistics downstream of a line source in grid turbulence, *BL Sawford & CM Tivendale

*Predicting by-pass transition with turbulence models, *AM Savill

*An eddy drag model of turbulence, *DRH Beattie

*Interaction of anti-parallel vortex filaments,* TB Nickels & TT Lim

*Spectral study of weakly compressible turbulence, *F Bataille & JP Bertoglio

*Universality of velocity spectra, *Henry W Tieleman

*Upwind terrain and temperature effects on length scales of winds passing over high roughness ( sitka spruce) with ESDU comparisons,* AJG Papesch & BA Gardiner

*A technique for the measurement of the cross wind joint acceptance function, *R Sankaran & ED Jancauskas

** Aeroacoustics I**

*An investigation of vibration-excited boundary layers using the methods of chaos physics, *A Pruiti & MP Norton

*Development of the mixing layer of a plane jet under acoustic excitation, *S Rajagopalan & KT Wong

*Flow around a lifting aerofoil: Absolute instabilities and vortex shedding, *J Gorman, J Soria, MC Thompson, MC Welsh & R Parker

*Acoustic measurements for low-speed jets and high-temperature flames, *S-L Hall & JCS Lai

*Sinusoidal forcing of an axisymmetric leading edge separation bubble, *M Kiya, M Shimizu, O Mochizuki, Y Ido & Y Ogura

*Effect of varying trip rod position on resonator tube oscillations, *K Hourigan, MC Thompson, E Brocher, A Andrianantoandro & MC Welsh

** Oceanography III**

*East Australian current influence on Sydney alongshore currents, *Tony Webb

*Convection in a long rectangular box driven by heated and cooled segments of the horizontal boundaries, *JJ Sturman, GN Ivey & JR Taylor

*A non-linear evolution equation for wind driven, breaking waves, and resulting soliton wave groups, *Marshall P Tulin & Jiyue J Li

*A method for diagnosing climate change and ocean ventilation using hyrographic data, *Trevor J McDougall & Nathaniel L Bindoff

*Downslope gravity currents in a continuously stratified environment: A model of the Bass Strait outflow, *Humio Mitsudera & Peter G Baines

*On the flow generated by the unsteady motion of a horizontal cylinder through a stably-stratified fluid, *PA Davies, DL Boyer, HJS Fernando & X Zhang

*Fish tides and the added mass force, *John AT Bye

** Viscous Flow III**

*Friction factor and flow characterization of non-Newtonian fluids, *MMK Khan

*Numerical studies on curtain coating flows with a contact surface, *Atsushi Okajima, Hisanori Ueno, Takashi Yamada & Satoshi Fukui

*Gracity-driven flow of visco-plastic fluids as they cool and solidify, *Ross W Griffiths & Johnathon H Fink

*A novel oscillation phenomenon of the water rivulet on a smooth hydrophobic surface, *Takeo Nakagawa & Ryo Nakagawa Jr

*Deformation behaviour of large polymeric and Newtonian liquid bridges in stretching (plateau simulation), *R Kroger, S Berg & HJ Rath* *

** Experimental Methods**

*RPT – The Roving Preston Tube, *John C MacIntosh & Lewis T Isaacs

*An application of a solid state LDA to hydrodynamic lubrication,* MR MacKenzie, AK Tieu & PB Kosasih

*Computational simulation of flow about a cobra probe with purging, *M de Guzman, CAJ Fletcher & JD Hooper

*Correction of sublayer turbulence measurements for wall proximity effects in hot-wire anemometry,* PV Lanspeary & MK Bull

*A transient stagnation pressure probe for temperature up to 6000K, *DK Griffin, NW Page & RJ Stalker

*Pressure probe measurements of the mean and turbulent structure of a swirling jet, *JD Hooper, AR del Musgrove & B Smith

*Turbulence statistics from a multi-frame particle tracking technique, *MH Hibberd

*Mapping instantaneous velocity fields using particle image velocimetry, *Ian C Shepherd & Frank LaFontaine

**Keynote Paper 7**

*Extreme waves and breaking waves, *OM Phillips

**Jets and Shear Layers II**

*A study of round jet in cross-flow at different velocity ratios, *TT Lim, RM Kelso & AE Perry

*Fluid mechanics of deflected jets: Evaluation of nozzle thrust vectors, *SS Vidakovic & RE Luxton

*Modelling of a steady and fully pulsed reattaching radial jet, *ND Agnew, DG Elvery & K Bremhorst

*The effect of swirl on the stability of a compressible axisymmeric jet, *Mehdi R Khorrami

*An experimental study of a precessing, deflected jet, *GM Schneider, GJ Nathan & RE Luxtonm

*Wall pressure and shear stress measurements for normal jet impingement, *CV Tu, JD Hooper & DH Wood

*Precessing and axial flows following a sudden expansion in an axisymmetric nozzle, *SJ Hill, GJ Nathan & RE Luxton

** Turbomachinery II**

*Experimental studies of the unsteady vortex dynamics of a two-dimensional pitching airfoil, *RC Conger, H Oshima & BR Ramaprian

*Unsteady force and pressure on a turbomachine blade, *Tsutomu Adachi & Yoshimori Murakami

*Effect of main rotor wake interference on tail rotor aeroddynamic characteristics, *KR Reddy & TT Troung

*The aerodynamic design of a 5kW wind turbine, *PD Clausen, P Ebert, SG Koh & DH Wood

*The NACA 0018-64 aerofoil at low Reynolds numbers with application to vertical axis wind turbines – including turbulence stimulation, *KJ Mallon

*An improved model f or the sucker pod pumping system, *GW Wang, SS Rahman & GY Yang* *

** Atmospheric Flow II**

*Thermals, puffs and mass sources I – Similarity and variability,* BR Morton, RW Cresswell & KCNguyen

*Thermals, puffs and mass sources II – Numerical studies, *KC Nguyen, BR Morton & RW Cresswell

*Thermals, puffs and mass sources III – Laboratory studies, *RW Cresswell, BR Morton, KC Nguyen & DG Baines

*Low-level wind shear at Sydney Airport, *Richard Manasseh & Jason H Middleton

*Airflow in the lee of the Kohala Mountains, *Zdeno Matta, Fiona M Guest, Bruce R Morton & Greg L Roff

*The quasi-geostrophic slow manifold, *AJ Roberts & SM Cox

*Trapping of internal gravity waves in an inversion, *HJS Fernando, MAJM Perera & Dl Boyer

**Computational Fluid Dynamics II**

*A Monte-Carlo method for calculating turbulent reacting dispersed flow,* J Shang & HG Schecker

*Numerical computations of recirculating turbulent flows using different eddy viscosity models, *Bjarne Noren

*An operator-splitting algorithm for three-dimensional convection-diffusion problems, *Daoyang Ding & Philip L-F Liu

*Computer simulation and test bed performance of a variable fill hydraulic dynamometer, *JK Raine & PG Hodgson

*Numerical studies of fluid flow through multiply-constricted tubes, *TS Lee

*A numerical study of hypersonic leeward flow over a delta wing using a parallel architecture supercomputer, *ER Mallett, DI Pullin & MW MacRossan

*Numerical investigation of turbulence-driven secondary flow in a square duct using an anisotropic turbulence model, *Baojun Song, Chuangang Gu & Yongmiao Miao* *

** Hydrodynamics III**

*The hydrodynamics of paddle propulsion,* PS Jackson, N Locke & P Brown

*A time-domain panel method for analysis of foils in unsteady motion as oscillating propulsors, *Neil Bose

*Modelling of the flow through a 3D curved intake of waterjet propulsion unit in a planning hull, *G Griffith-Jones & AJ Bowen

*A first course in optimum design of yacht sails, *Takeshi Sugimoto

*Vortex forces and cylinder dynamics, *Jon B Hinwood, A Christine Josem & Richard J Aarons

*Bank effects on vessel interaction forces, *T Simmons, LT Isaacs & M Renilson

*Viscous-inviscid coupling in ship hydrodynamics, *E Campana, A Di Mascio, PG Esposito & F Lalli

**Cavity Flows**

*Study of the vortex created at the head of a moving piston in a cylinder, *James J Allen & Min S Chong

*A study of the kinematics and topology of unsteady confined swirling flows, *CJ Bulbeck, JM Lopex, J Soria

*A numerical study of complex cavity flows via the Navier-Stokes equations, *CA Atwood & WR van Dalsem

**Aeroacoustics II**

*Pseudo-active sound attenuation in a duct, *JP Guibergia, X Bonnardel & E Brocher

*Prediction of a sound generated by a two-dimensional jet impinging on a body, *Osamu Mochizuki, Masaru Kiya & Jin Woo Park

*The use of passive absorption to prevent acoustic resonances in flow systems, *R Parker, NHS Smith & SAT Stoneman

**Valve Flows**

*Numerical analysis of subsonic free jets issuing from spool valve orifices, *Tetsuhiro Tsukiji & Eiki Hayashi

*Experimental investigation of the flow through a non-return diaphragm valve, *CO Popiel, D Burger, J Haarhoff & PS Grobler

*On flow patterns in control valves and damage induced by cavitation,* KS Boddeus, T Colston & WK Soh

*Numerical simulations and experiments for oil flow in a poppet valve,* Hisanori Ueno & Atsushi Okajima

**Turbulent Mixing II**

*The effect of initial conditions on the development of two-stream mixing layers subjected to longitudinal curvature, *MW Plesniak & RD Mehta

*Methods to detect coherent structures – A comparison, *Per-Age Krogstad & Jon Harald Kaspersen

*The evolution of a turbulent spot under an adverse pressure gradient, *JP Gostelow, G Hong, J Lee, N Melwani, D Wan & WT Yu

*Turbulent intermittency measurement on an axial compressor blade, *GJ Walker & WJ Solomon

** Hydraulics II**

*On velocity measurements in hydraulic jumps using LDV, small propeller and pitot tube, *Satoru Imai & Takeo Nakagawa

*Water distribution patterns from trickle irrigation systems, *Zhimin Li & Logan W Apperley

*Solute transport in hillside seepage, *Wayne Read & Ray Volker

*Potential flow analysis of flow over a curved broadcrested weir, *JS Montes

**Keynote Paper 8**

*Jets, plumes and ocean outfalls, *Ian R Wood