Senior Researcher, Optics and Nanoelectronics, NICTA
Dept. of EEE, University of Melbourne, Australia
T: +61 3 83446061, F: +61 3 93481682, M: +61 438318110
Email: bakaulm@unimelb.edu.au
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PUBLICATIONS
>>Journal Articles
>> Invited Papers/Talks
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>>Thesis
>>Book
>>Book Chapter
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JOURNAL ARTICLES

 
22
AHM. Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, “Multi-level Modulations for Gigabit Access in a Simple Millimeter-Wave Radio-over-Fiber Link,” accepted to publish in IEEE Photonics Technology Letter, Jul., 2012

 
21
AHM. Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, G. E. Town, “Simplified Optical Transport and Base Station Scheme for Millimeter-Wave Radio-over-Fiber System Employing RF Self-Homodyning,” accepted to publish in IEEE Photonics Technology Letter, Jun., 2012

 
20
L. Mehedy, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, “OFDM versus Single Carrier towards Spectrally Efficient 100 Gb/s Transmission with Direct Detection,” submitted to IEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networks (JOCN), Feb., 2012

 
19
AHM. Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, G. E. Town, “Simplification of millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber system employing heterodyning of uncorrelated optical carriers and self-homodyning of RF signal at the receiver,” OSA Journal of Optics Express, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 5707-5724, Feb., 2012

 
18
L. Mehedy, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, “Scalable and Spectrally Efficient Long Reach Optical Access Networks Employing Frequency Interleaved Directly Detected Optical OFDM,” IEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networks (JOCN), vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 881-890, Oct., 2011

 
17
L. Mehedy, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, “Single Channel Directly Detected Optical-OFDM towards Higher Spectral Efficiency and Simplicity in 100 Gb/s Ethernet and Beyond,” IEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networks (JOCN), vol. 3, no. 5, May, 2011

 
16
AHM. Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, G. E. Town, “Millimeter-Wave Radio-over-Fiber System based on Heterodyned Unlocked Light Sources and Self-Homodyned RF Receiver,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letter, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 459-461, April, 2011

 
15
L. Mehedy, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, “Frequency Interleaving Towards Spectrally Efficient Directly Detected Optical OFDM for Next-Generation Optical Access Networks,” OSA Journal of Optics Express, vol. 18, no. 22, pp. 23161-23172, October, 2010

 
14
C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul, P. Gamage, K. –L. Lee, Y. Yang, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, " Fiber-Wireless Networks and Subsystem Technologies," IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 390-405, Feb., 2010 pdf

 
13
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Spectrally efficient hybrid multiplexing and demultiplexing schemes toward the integration of microwave and millimeterwave radio-over-fiber systems in a WDM-PON infrastructure,,” OSA Journal of Optical Networking (JON), vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 462-470, May 2009. pdf

 
12
C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul, K. -L. Lee, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Mitigation strategy for transmission impairments in millimeterwave radio-over-fiber networks,” OSA Journal of Optical Networking (JON), vol. 8, no.25, pp. 201-214, Feb. 2009 pdf

 
11
M. Bakaul, “Low-cost, PMD Insensitive and Dispersion Tolerant In-band OSNR Monitor Based on Uncorrelated Beat Noise Measurement,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 906-908, June, 2008. pdf

 
10
M. Bakaul, N. Nadarajah, A. Nirmalathas, and E. Wong "Internetworking VCSEL-Based Hybrid Base Station towards Simultaneous Wireless and Wired Transport for Converged Access Network",IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 569-571, Apr. 2008. pdf

 
9
N. Nadarajah, M. Bakaul, and A. Nirmalathas, “Laser-free inter-networking hybrid base stations towards convergence of wireless and wired access networks,” Electron. Lett.,vol. 43, no. 8, pp.472-474 , 2007.pdf

 
8
P. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, M. Bakaul, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Efficient Transmission Scheme for AWG-based DWDM Millimeter-Wave Fiber-Radio Systems” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 206-208,  Feb. 2007. pdf

 
7
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Investigation of Performance Enhancement of WDM Optical Interfaces for Millimeter-Wave Fiber-Radio Networks” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 19, no. 11, pp. 843-845, Jun. 1, 2007.pdf

 
6
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid Multiplexing of Multiband Optical Access Technologies Towards an Integrated DWDM Network” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 18, no. 21, pp. 2311-2313, 2006.pdf

 
5
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Simultaneous Multiplexing and Demultiplexing of Wavelength-Interleaved Channels in DWDM Millimeter-Wave Fiber-Radio Networks,” IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 3341-3352, 2006.pdf

 
4
Li Zhaohui, A. Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul, Yang Jing Wen; Linghao Cheng; Jian Chen; Chao Lu, and S. Aditya, “Performance of WDM Fiber-Radio Network Using Distributed Raman Amplifier,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 553-555, 2006.pdf

 
3
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Experimental characterization of single as well as cascaded WDM optical interfaces in millimeter-wave fiber-radio networks,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 115-117, 2006.pdf

 
2
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Efficient multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Photonics Technology Letters, vol. 17, no. 12, pp. 2718-2720, 2005.pdf

 
1
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, and C. Lim, “Multifunctional WDM optical interface for millimeter-wave fiber-radio antenna base station”, IEEE/OSA Journal of Lightwave Technology, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1210-1218, 2005.pdf

INVITED PAPERS/TALKS

 
12
M. Bakaul, AHM Islam , A. Nirmalathas, “Gigabit Wireless Access Using Millimeter-wave over Optical Fiber Systems” Proc. 6th International Conference on Broadband Communications and Biomedical Applications (IB2COM 2011), November 21-24, 2011, Melbourne, Australia .[Invited]

 
11
M. Bakaul, C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, "Millimeter-wave Radio-over-Fiber Systems for Broadband Wireless Access Applications," Monash Workshop on Wireless Communications, RF Sensors and Networks, Electrical and Computer System Engineering Dept, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia, 23 February 2011.[Invited]

 
10
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, " High-Speed Fiber-Wireless System incorporating Wavelength-Interleaved Dense-WDM," 16th Asia-Pacific Conference on Communications/The Australasian Telecommunication Networks and Applications Conference (ATNAC/APCC 2010), Auckland, New Zealand, Oct. 31 - Nov. 03, 2010.[Invited]

 
9
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, " Wavelength Interleaving Towards DWDM and Spectral Efficiency in Dual-toned Millimeter-wave Radio-over-Fiber Systems," Proc. 15th Asia-Pacific Conference on Communications (APCC’2009), Shanghai, China, pp. 575-579, Oct. 8-10, 2009 .[Invited]

 
8
C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul, P. Gamage, K. –L. Lee, Y. Yang, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, " Fiber-wireless networks and microwave photonics subsystem technologies," Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC’2009) San Diego, USA, pp. 1-55, Mar. 22-26, 2009..[Invited]

 
7
T. Anderson, S. Dods, K. Clarke, M. Bakaul, and A. Nirmalathas, Multi Impairment monitoring in Photonic networks ECOC’2007, Berlin, Sept., 2007 .[Invited]

 
6
S. D Dods, T. Anderson, K. Clarke, M. Bakaul, and Adam Kowalczyk, “Asynchronous sampling for optical performance monitoring,” Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC’2007), Anaheim, USA, Mar. 25-29, 2007 .[Invited]

 
5
T. Anderson, K. Clarke, S. D Dods, and M. Bakaul, and A. Nirmalathas, “ Optical Performance Monitoring,” Proc. Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (ACOFT /AOS’2006), Melbourne, July, 2006.[Invited]

 
4
C. Lim, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Fiber-wireless networks incorporating wavelength division multiplexing,” Proc. SPIE Asia-Pacific Optical Communications Conference (APOC 2006).[Invited]

 
3
Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul , C. Lim, M. Attygalle, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Wavelength Division Multiplexed Fiber-Radio Networks” Proc. Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conference (AP-MWP’2006), Tokyo, Japan, April, 2006.[Invited]

 
2
Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “ Fiber Wireless Networks” Proc. SPIE Asia-Pacific Optical Communications Conference (APOC’2005), Shanghai, China, November, 2005.[Invited]

 
1
A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, M. Attygalle, D. Novak, R. Waterhouse, and M. Bakaul , "Recent progress in fiber-wireless networks: Technologies and architectures", Proc. International Conference on Optical Communications and Networks (ICOCN’2003), Bangalore, India, October, 2003.[Invited]

CONFERENCE PAPERS

 
33
M. Bakaul, AHM Islam, A. Nirmalathas, and S. Skafidas, “In-House Seamless and Transparent Internet on the Move through Cordless Access to FTTH,” accepted to IEEE Microwave Photonics Conference (MWP 2012), to be held The Netherland, in Sep., 2012.

 
32
AHM Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, “Multi-level ASK Demonstrations in Millimeter-wave Radio-over-fiber System using Free-running Lasers and RF Self-homodyning,” accepted to IEEE Microwave Photonics Conference (MWP 2012), to be held The Netherland, in Sep., 2012.

 
31
AHM Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, and G. Town “Simplification of Base Station and Uplink Optical Transport in Millimeter-wave Radio-over-Fiber System Employing RF Self-Homodyning,” Proc. of IEEE Microwave Photonics Conference (MWP 2011), Singapore, Oct. 18-21, 2011. [Finalist, best paper award]

 
30
M. Bakaul, AHM Islam , A. Nirmalathas, and L. Mehedy, and S. Skafidas “Provisioning In-House Mobility for FTTH Customers by Incorporating Modifications in Optical Network Unit (ONU),” Proc. of IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC’2011), paper no. TuM 5, Arlington, Virginia, USA, 9-14 Oct.,2011

 
29
AHM Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, and G. Town “2.5 Gbps Data Transmission in a Millimeter-wave Fiber-optic Link using Heterodyned Free Running Low-cost Lasers and Self-homodyning RF Receiver,” Proc. of IEEE Photonics Conference (IPC’2011), Arlington, Virginia, USA, 9-14 Oct.,2011

 
28
L. Mehedy, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, S. Skafidas, “100 Gb/s 1024-way-split 100-km long-reach PON using spectrally efficient frequency interleaved directly detected optical OFDM,” Proc. Of IQEC/CLEO Pacific Rim, Sydney, Australia, Aug 28-Sep 01, 2011

 
27
L. Mehedy, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, “Spectrally-Efficient 100 Gb/s Transmission in Next-Generation Optical Access Networks Employing Directly Detected Optical-OFDM,” Proc. APCC/ATNAC 2010, Auckland, New Zealand, 31Oct.-03Nov., 2010. [Finalist, best paper award]

 
26
L. Mehedy, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, “Frequency Interleaved Directly Detected Optical OFDM for Next-Generation Optical Access Networks,” Proc. IEEE conference on microwave photonics (MWP’2010), Montreal, Canada, 5-9 Oct., 2010. [Finalist, Best paper Award]

 
25
AHM Islam,M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, and G. Town, “Signal Generation Schemes for Millimeter-wave Radio-over-fiber System based on Heterodyned Unlocked Light Sources and RF Homodyned Receiver,” Proc. IEEE conference on microwave photonics (MWP’2010), Montreal, Canada, 5-9 Oct., 2010.[Finalist, Best paper Award]

 
24
AHM Islam,M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, L. Mehedy and G. Town, “Experimental Demonstration of a Heterodyned Radio-over-fiber System using Unlocked Light Sources and RF Homodyning at the Receiver,” Proc. Of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC’ 2010), Sapporo, Japan, 05-09 Jul, 2010.

 
23
L. Mehedy, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, “Frequency Interleaving Towards Spectrally Efficient Direct Detection Based Optical OFDM Systems,” Proc. Of Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC’ 2010), Sapporo, Japan, 05-09 Jul, 2010.

 
22
M. Bakaul, R. Chakravorty, and A. Nirmalathas, “Simple, Low-cost, In-band OSNR Monitor Based on Digital Spectral Slice Manipulation,” Proc. IEEE Topical Meeting on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS’2009), Antalya, Turkey, pp. 131-132, 4 - 8 October, 2009.

 
21
AHM Islam, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas and G. Town, “Simplified Millimeter-wave Radio-over-Fiber System Using Optical Heterodyning of Low-Cost Independent Light Sources and RF Homodyning at the Receiver,” ." IEEE Conference on Microwave Photonics (MWP’2009), Valencia, Spain, pp. 1 - 4, 14-16 Oct., 2009.

 
20
L. Mehedy, M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, “115.2 Gb/s Optical OFDM Transmission with 4 bit/s/Hz Spectral Efficiency Using IEEE 802.11a OFDM PHY,” Proc. Opto-Electronics and Communications Conference (OECC’2009), Wanchai, Hongkong, July 13-17, 2009.

 
19
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, " Performance Analysis of Star-Tree and Ring-Bus Millimeter-wave Fiber-Radio Networks Incorporated with Cascaded WDM Optical Interfaces," International Conference on Electrical and Computer Engineering (ICECE’2008), Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp. 127-132, Dec. 20-22, 2008.

 
18
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, "Investigating the Performance of Star-Tree and Ring-Bus Fibre-Radio Networks Incorporated with Cascaded WDM Optical Interfaces." IEEE Conference Microwave Photonics (MWP,2008), Gold Coast, Australia, pp. 225 -228, Sep. 30-Oct. 03, 2008.

 
17
N. Nadarajah, M. Bakaul, and A. Nirmalathas, “Inter-networking Hybrid Base Stations Towards the Integration of Wireless and Wireline Access Networks,” International Conference on FTTH (FTTH’2007), Orlando, Florida, USA, Sep. 30- Oct. 04, 2007.pdf

 
16
M. Bakaul, N. Nadarajah, and A. Nirmalathas, “Inter-networking, VCSEL-Based Low-Cost Hybrid Base Stations Towards the Integration of Wireless and Wireline Access Networks,” IEEE Conference on Microwave Photonics (MWP’2007), Victoria, Canada, 3-5 Oct., 2007.pdf

 
15
M. Bakaul, N. Nadarajah, and A. Nirmalathas, “Source-free, inter-networking hybrid base stations towards the convergence of wireless and wireline access networks” Proc. Conference on Optical Internet Network/ Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (COIN/ACOFT’2007), Melbourne, Australia, June, 2007.

 
14
T. Anderson, K. Clarke, S. D Dods, and M. Bakaul, “Robust, low cost, in-band optical signal to noise monitoring using polarization diversity,” Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC’2007), Anaheim, USA, Mar. 25-29, 2007. pdf

 
13
N. Nadarajah, M. Bakaul, and A. Nirmalathas, “Integrated Ethernet and Wireless CDMA Signal Transport over Passive Optical Network Supporting Remote Base Station Connectivity,” Proc. Australian Workshop on Microwave Photonics (AusMWPWorkshop’2006), Melbourne, Australia, Dec. 2006.

 
12
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Integration of microwave and millimeter-wave radio-over-fiber systems in WDM-PON infrastructure,” Proc. Australian Workshop on Microwave Photonics (AusMWPWorkshop’2006), Melbourne, Australia, Dec. 2006.

 
11
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Modified WDM Optical Interface for Performance Enhancement of Millimetre-Wave Fibre-Radio Networks” Proc. ACOFT /AOS’2006, Melbourne, July, 2006.

 
10
M. Bakaul, K. Clarke, T. Anderson, D. Hewitt, and S. D Dods, “Low-cost in-band optical signal-to-noise ratio monitoring using an optical interferometer,” Proc. IEEE LEOS’2006, Montreal, Canada, October, 2006.pdf

 
9
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid demultiplexing towards the integration of millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems in DWDM Access Networks” Proc. MWP’2006, Grenoble, France, October, 2006.

 
8
P. Gamage, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, M. Bakaul, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Wavelength reuse upstream transmission scheme for AWG-based DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems” Proc. AP-MWP’2006, Tokyo, Japan, April, 2006.

 
7
Li Zhaohui, A. Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul, Linghao Cheng, Yang Jing Wen; and Chao Lu, “Application of distributed Raman amplifier for the performance improvement of WDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio network” Proc. LEOS’2005, Sydney, Australia, October, 2005.

 
6
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Hybrid multiplexing towards the integration of millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems in DWDM Access Networks” Proc. IEEE Topical Meeting on Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS’2005), Sydney, Australia, October, 2005. [LEOS/Newport/Spectra-Physics Research Excellence Award]

 
5
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Simplified multiplexing and demultiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems” Proc. MWP’2005, Seoul, South Korea, October, 2005.

 
4
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Simplified multiplexing scheme for wavelength-interleaved DWDM millimeter-wave fiber-radio systems” Proc. The European Conference on Optical Communication (ECOC’2005), Glasgow, Scotland, September, 2005.pdf

 
3
M. Attygalle, C. Lim, M. Bakaul, and A. Nirmalathas, “Extending transmission distance in wavelength reused fiber-radio links with FBG filters,” Proc. Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC/NFOEC’2005), Anaheim, USA, March, 2005.

 
2
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, and  C. Lim, “Experimental verification of cascadability of WDM optical interfaces for Future DWDM Millimeter-wave fiber-radio base stations” Proc. International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP’2004), Maine, USA, October, 2004.

 
1
M. Bakaul, A. Nirmalathas, and C. Lim, “Dispersion tolerant novel base station optical interface for future WDM fibre-radio systems” Proc. Conference on Optical Internet Network/ Australian Conference on Optical Fibre Technology (COIN/ACOFT’2003), Melbourne, Australia, July, 2003.

 
 
THESIS
 
M. Bakaul, "Technologies for DWDM Millimetre-Wave Fibre-Radio Networks", PhD Dissertation, Dept. of Electrical and Electronic Engg.,The University of Melbourne, Jan 2006. pdf
 
 
BOOK
 
M. Bakaul, "Wavelength Interleaved DWDM Millimeter-Wave Radio over Fiber System", Lap Lambert Academic Publishing, Paperback, 284 Seiten, Anzahl Pressestimmen, ISBN 978-3-8383-2783-9, Jan., 2010.
 
 
BOOK CHAPTER
 
D. Novak, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, R. Waterhouse, M. Bakaul, and T. Kurniawan, “Chapter 5: Hybrid Fiber Radio Concepts and Prospects;” In Microwave Photonics, Ed: Chi H. Lee, CRC Press. pp. 157 -184, Jul 2006.
 
 
PATENT
 
M. Bakaul, R. Chakravorty, T. Anderson, A. Nirmalathas, , “Monitoring optical modulation format and bit rate,” Australian Provisional Patent, Ref: 507753, Filing date: 24 SEP, 2009.
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
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