**Proceedings of the Eighteenth Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference**

**Table of Contents**

Proceedings of the 18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference 3rd - 7th December 2012 Edited by P.A. Brandner and B.W. Pearce Published by the Australasian Fluid Mechanics Society.

ISBN: 978-0-646-58373-0

**Front Matter**

Proceedings of the Eighteenth Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference, P.A. Brandner and B.W. Pearce

**The G.K. Batchelor Lecture**

The logarithmic region of wall turbulence: Universality, structure and interactions, I Marusic

**Plenary Papers**

Computing optimal flow disturbances, H Blackburn

Cavitation inception and bubble dynamics in vortical flows, S Ceccio

Petascale numerical simulations of turbulent combustion, E Hawkes

Large eddy simulation: A useful tool for engineering fluid dynamics, C Fureby

Ice sheet modelling and applications to Greenland, Antarctica and the Martian polar ice caps, R Greve

The sound of cavitation in trees, P Marmottant

A dynamical recipe for the world's largest ocean current, S Rintoul

The behaviour of vortex structures near solid obstacles, GJ van Heijst

**Aero-Acoustics**

Aerofoil tones produced by a streamlined plate with cavity, K Schumacher, C Doolan and R Kelso

A numerical solution of Lighthill's acoustic analogy for acoustically excited laminar, premixed flames, M Talei, MJ Brear and ER Hawkes

Suppression of the trailing-edge noise using a plasma actuator, A Inasawa, C Ninomiya, and M Asai

Comparison of aeroacoustic predictions of turbulent trailing edge noise using three different flow solutions, CA Albarracin, P Marshallsay, LA Brooks, A Cederholm, L Chen, CJ Doolan

Measurement of the self-noise of microphone wind shields, L Wang, AC Zander and VV Lenchine

A numerical investigation of supersonic cavity flow at Mach 2, V Sridhar, SL Gai and H Kleine

Modeling acoustic excitation for the simulation of combustion instability experiments, S Beinke, B Dally and M Oschwald

A unified approach to predict near and far-field acoustic pressures from Lighthill's analogy, P Croaker, N Kessissoglou and S Marburg

Aeroacoustic resonance in a rectangular cavity: Part 1 effect of Mach number and Reynolds Number, MB Jones, SM Henbest, JH Watmuff and A Blandford

Aeroacoustic resonance in a rectangular cavity: Part 2 Effect of yaw and of leading and trailing edge angles, SM Henbest, MB Jones, A Blandford and JH Watmuff

**Aerodynamics**

Wind tunnel investigation of the interaction between two sailing yachts, PJ Richards, D Le Pelley, D Jowett, J Little and O Detlefsen

Experimental evaluation of the effect of flow deflectors on helicopter rotor wake vortices, K Bourne, P Manovski, KR Reddy and A Ooi

The effect of leading edge modifications on NACA 0021 airfoil characteristics, N Rostamzadeh, RM Kelso, BB Dally and KL Hansen

An experimental and computational study of flow over a NACA 0021 airfoil with leading edge modifications, N Rostamzadeh, RM Kelso, BB Dally andn ZF Tian

Assessment of turbulence models for a wing-in-junction flow, JL Coombs, CJ Doolan, DJ Moreau, AC Zander and LA Brooks

Effect of chordwise flexure profile on aerodynamic performance of a flexible flapping airfoil, S Premachandran and M Giacobello

Investigation of sailing yacht aerodynamics using real time pressure and sail shape measurements at full scale, F Bergsma, D Motta, DJ Le Pelley, PJ Richards and RGJ Flay

Design and optimisation of multi-element wing sails for multihull yachts, AW Blakeley, RGJ Flay and PJ Richards

Flow visualisation of three-dimensional effects in a cavity flow, K Schumacher, R Kelso and C Doolan

Visualization of streamwise and crossflow instabilities on inclined circular cylinders, JP Gostelow, A Rona and M De Saint Jean

Investigation on separated flow over a hemisphere-cylinder, JI Li, J Soria, S Le Clainche and V Theofilis

Hydrodynamic instability of the shocked water/air interface, Y Liu

Flow periodicity analysis of low Reynolds number flapping airfoils, RI Zaman, JCS Lai, J Young and MA Ashraf

Thrust measurement of deployable propeller for powered paraglider in Mars atmosphere, K Hiraki, S Tashima and M Namikawa

Experimental investigation of a hemisphere in a flat plate boundary layer, M Fedrizzi, M Giacobello, J Soria, C Atkinson and M Jones

**Biological/Medical Flows**

Post-stenotic flow in an artery, TJ Barber, E Jarratt, K Kabir and A Simmons

Acoustic breakup of potential cerebral emboli, F Secretain, A Pollard and B Milne

Comparison of breathing models for determining flow and particle deposition in the lungs, AJC King, BJ Mulins and R Mead-Hunter

Numerical and in vitro experimental study of arterial deformation and buckling under hypertension and atherosclerotic conditions, P Assemat, G Hannema, J Carberry, D Michell, K Andrews, A Dart, J Chin-Dusting and K Hourigan

Shear rate behaviour within in vitro thrombotic geometries: height and curvature dependence, CJ Butler, I Pinar, K Ryan, J Carberry and GJ Sheard

A Population Balance Equation - Probability Density Function (PBE-PDF) model for the turbulent dispersion and deagglomeration of inhaled pharmaceutical powders, MJ Cleary and TR Phillips

Three-dimensional numerical simulations of blood flow in mouse aortic arch around atherosclerosis plaques, JP Hough, P Assemat, KK Siu, JA Armitage, KG Contreras, A Aprico, K Andrews, A Dart, J Chin-Dusting and K Hourigan

Computational simulation of the haemodialysis device air trap, G Keshavarzi, TJ Barber, G Yeoh and A Simmons

Explicit interface tracking of moving platelet blood cell in finite volume mesh, MK Ho, GH Yeoh, V Timchenko and JA Reizes

Comparison of four different fluid structure interaction models in a human coronary artery, A Javadzadegan, ASC Yong, M Chang, N Mansour, MKC Ng, M Behnia and L Kritharides

The effect of stiffening red blood cells on flow profiles in microchannels, KY Wong, O Akulshin, JA Armitage, A Fouras and GJ Sheard

**Boundary Layers**

Response of a vertical natural convection boundary layer to random and single-mode perturbations, Y Zhao, C Lei and JC Patterson

Characteristics of a flume designed for study of sheared convective boundary layers, MP Kirkpatrick, SH Starner, M Williamson and SW Armfield

Measuring turbulence characteristics of artificial biofilms using LDV and high speed photography, SK Ng and JM Walker

Physical simulation experiments of momentum transport associated with advecting vortical motions, JR Elsnab and JC Klewicki

Artificial thickening of boundary layers in a cavitation tunnel, PA Brandner, A Belle, BW Pearce and MJ Holmes

**CFD-DNS/LES**

Comparison of the dynamics of particles in a flow field with the Reynolds and Favre filtered flow velocities, PC Stegeman, J Soria and A Ooi

Direct Numerical Simulation of periodic streaming around a circular cylinder at low KC number and low B number, H An, L Cheng and M Zhao

**CFD-Methods**

Large-eddy simulation on staggered grids using the stretched-vortex subgrid model, TW Mattner

Towards a statistically accurate wall-model for large-eddy simulation, O Cabrit, R Mathis, V Kulandaivelu and I Marusic

Analysis of the anisotropy of group velocity error due to the application of spatial finite difference schemes to the solution of the 2D linear Euler equations, PC Stegeman, ME Young, J Soria and A Ooi

**Combustion/Engines**

Multiple stage atomization of fuels for use in combustion applications, A Kourmatzis and AR Masri

The transient behaviour of hot soot base in an optically-accessible automotive-size diesel engine, AM Rusly, MK Le and S Kook

Effect of fuel injection pressure on size and structure of in-cylinder soot particles sampled from an automotive-size optical diesel engine, R Zhang and S Kook

Transported probability density function modelling of an n-heptane jet at diesel engine conditions, Y Pei, ER Hawkes and S Kook

Modelling of diesel spray dynamics using LES, CH Bong, LC Goldsworthy and PA Brandner

CFD modelling of heavy fuel oil spray combustion, V Garaniya and L Goldsworthy

**Combustion/Engines-Biofuels**

Primary investigation to combustion in a gasoilne engine with direct injection of ethanol fuel, Y Zhuang, G Hong and J Wang

Development of a research engine for investigating ethanol fuel direct injection plus gasoline fuel port injection (EDI+GPI), Y Zhuang, J Wang and G Hong

Influence of injection pressure on gasoline and ethanol spray penetration in a spark-ignition direct-injection fuelling system, Y Bao, S Padala, QN Chan, S Kook and ER Hawkes

Performance improvement of compression ignition engine by ethanol and diesel dual-fuelling, S Padala, C Woo, S Kook and ER Hawkes

Comparison of propane and ethanol as added fuels in a heavy duty common rail diesel engine, L Goldsworthy

**Combustion/Flames**

Measurements and LES calculations of auto-ignition in a turbulent dilute methanol spray flame, VN Prasad and AR Masri

Effects of variation in heating rate, sample mass and nitrogen flow on chemical kinetics for pyrolysis, AS Abu-Bakar and KAM Moinuddin

Modeling of mixing with differential diffusion of scalars in homogeneous non-premixed turbulent combustion, L Dialameh, B Sundaram, MJ Cleary and AY Klimenko

Effects of mixing localisation in LES-MMC simulations of a lifted hydrogen flame, B Sundaram, MJ Cleary and AY Klimenko

A Direct Numerical Simulation study of a turbulent lifted flame in hot oxidiser, S Karami, ER Hawkes and M Talei

High-Speed LIF-OH imaging in flame propagation past solid obstacles, A AlHarbi, M Juddoo and AR Masri

A bluff body jet mixer simulation with a new developed OpenFOAM based sparse-Lagrangian Multiple Mapping Conditioning model, Y Ge, B Sundaram, MJ Cleary and AY Klimenko

Inferences about the mechanism of flame stabilization in the near-field of diesel jets, M Ameen, C Bajaj, M Yen and J Abraham

Interaction between an explosive shock wave and a flame, G Doig, Z Johnson and R Mann

A posteriori simulations of a turbulent premixed flame using a strained flamelet model in large-eddy simulations: static and dynamic turbulent flame speed model, O Chatakonda, E Knudsen, ER Hawkes, M Talei and H Pitsch

**Environmental Flows**

Numerical study of the unsteady behaviour in the near-field of pure thermal planar plumes with experimental validation, T Hattori, N Bartos, SE Norris, MP Kirkpatrick and SW Armfield

Model turbulent floods based upon the Smagorinski large eddy closure, M Cao and AJ Roberts

A numerical study of interaction of laminar air plumes, C Lei and K Shimaike

Secondary flow in stratified open channel flow on a bend, N Williamson, SE Norris, SW Armfield and MP Kirkpatrick

A model for the evolution of the thermal bar system, DE Farrow

Maximum height and return point velocities of desalination brine discharges, AT Crowe, MJ Davidson and RI Nokes

Instability in flows over permeable obstructions, M Ghisalberti

CFD simulation of low Reynolds-number turbulence models in coral thermal microenvironment, RH Ong, AJC King, BJ Mullins, MJ Caley and TF Cooper

A comparative view of groundwater flow simulation using two modelling software - MODFLOW and MIKE SHE, F Akram, MG Rasul, MMK Khan and MSII Amir

Automated Catchment Delineation using Arc Hydro tools in Geographic Information System: a case study, F Akram, MG Rasul, MMK Khan and MSII Amir

**Experimental Techniques**

Single image corrections to facilitate planar imaging of particle concentration in particle-laden fluids, MC Cheong, CH Birzer and T Lau

Dynamic calibration of pressure measurement systems: An improved method, A Fisher, S Watkins and J Watmuff

Turbulence measurements at high Reynolds numbers using a new inclined Nano-Scale Thermal Anemometry Probe, M Vallikivi, M Hultmark and AJ Smits

A direct measure of the frequency response of hot-wire anemometers, N Hutchins, JP Monty, R Baidya, M Hultmark and AJ Smits

Boundary layer trip size selection on streamlined bodies of revolution, LP Erm, MB Jones and SM Henbest

Vibration isolation in a free-piston driven expansion tube, DE Gildfind, RG Morgan and PA Jacobs

Fast-response pyrometer development for expansion tunnel testing with hot carbon models, EJ Fahy, F Zander, DR Buttsworth and RG Morgan

Hot-wire calibration at high subsonic & transonic Mach numbers, JH Watmuff, MB Jones, SM Henbest and A Blandford

Viscous drag force and heat transfer from an oscillating micro-wire, PL Woodfield and AD Seagar

**Facilities**

On the design of a 285 m3/s wind tunnel at the University of Adelaide, PV Lanspeary and RM Kelso

Upgrade of the X3 Super-orbital Expansion Tube, AG Dann, RG Morgan, DE Gildfind, PA Jacobs, M McGilvray and F Zander

**Flow Control**

Interaction of synthetic jets with laminar and turbulent boundary layers, X Wen and H Tang

Active control of a round jet using two unsteady microjets, P Zhang, Y Zhou and Md M Alam

Visualisation of multiple vortex rings from a transitional axisymmetric synthetic jet, C Fischer and R Sharma

Meandering riblets targeting spanwise spatial oscillation of turbulent boundary layer, KX Oh, B Nugroho, N Hutchins and JP Monty

**Fluid-Structure Interaction**

The dynamics of a rising pivoted cylinder, B Stappenbelt, J Neville, B Murdoch and A Johnstone

Cylinder vibration resulting from switching of shear layer separated from an upstream cylinder, MdM Alam, Y Zhou, HL Cao and P Zhang

Numerical simulation of the vortex-induced vibration of an elastic cylinder, JF Derakhshandeh, M Arjomandi, B Cazzolato and B Dally

Computational stability analysis of a channel flow with a large deformation compliant insert, LSH Lai, AD Lucey and NSJ Elliott

Passive and active control of flow-induced vibration of bluff-body wakes, JS Leontini and MC Thompson

Stability of a spring-mounted cantilevered-free flexible plate in a uniform flow, RM Howell, AD Lucey and JS Kapor

CFD analysis of the flow between dual-layer orthogonal-offset plate arrays, RA Edgar, S Cochard and ZH Stachurksi

Fluid-structure interaction and vortex identification, J Sistek, V Kolar, F Cirak and P Moses

Effects of flow oblique angle on three-dimensional steady streaming at low Keulegan-Carpenter number, K Yang, L Cheng, H An, A Bassom and M Zhao

Experimental modelling of steady hydrofoil fluid-structure interaction, PA Brandner and BW Pearce

**Gas Dynamics**

Altitude compensation in expansion deflection nozzles, K Schomberg and J Olsen

Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes computation of transonic projectiles in ground effect, K Carriage, J Young, H Kleine and K Hiraki

Numerical simulation of supersonic impinging jet flows using Reynolds- averaged Navier- Stokes equation and Large Eddy Simulation, L Chan, C Chin, J Soria and A Ooi

Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes and wall-modelled large-eddy simulations of sonic hydrogen injection into hypersonic crossflow, RM Gehre, V Wheatley, RR Boyce, DM Peterson and S Brieschenk

Development of functional relationships for air-data estimation using numerical simulations, SA Razzaqi, C Bode, T Eggers and MK Smart

Numerical investigation of diaphragm mass and viscous effects in pulse starting of axisymmetric scramjet inlets, H Ogawa, S Molder and RR Boyce

The cylindrical Riemann problem in magnetohydrodynamics: A case study, W Mostert, V Wheatley, M Hingee and R Samtaney

High speed imaging of spherical shock standoff in hypervelocity flows, F Zander, PA Jacobs, UA Sheikh, and RG Morgan

Toward the full CFD simulation of expansion tubes, J Sancho, DE Gildfind, PA Jacobs and RG Morgan

Numerical simulation of Shock-Induced-Combustion in a three-dimensional scramjet model, F Xing, MM Zhao and S Zhang

Verification of a hypersonic flow solver, RJ Gollan and PA Jacobs

Applicability of viscous and inviscid flow solvers to the hypersonic rest inlet, A Agon, D Abeynayake, M Smart

**General Fluid Mechanics**

Experimental study of the thermal separation in a vortex tube, Y Xue, M Arjomandi and R Kelso

Chaotic advection in three-dimensional volume preserving potential flow, LD Smith, DR Lester and G Metcalfe

Thermo-magnetic convection of paramagnetic fluids with non-instantaneous heating, SC Saha and YT Gu

The magnetohydrodynamic Richtmyer-Meshkov instability: The transverse field case, V Wheatley, R Samtaney and DI Pullin

**Geophysical Flows**

Searching for common theory of bathtub-like vortices, AY Klimenko

Numerical investigation of the stability of model polar vortices in a split-disk system, T Vo, L Montabone and GJ Sheard

Nusselt-number scaling and vortex structures in a cylindrical rotating horizontal convection model of atmospheric polar vortices, WK Hussam, MP King, L Montabone and GJ Sheard

Flow of the Amery Ice Shelf and its tributary glaciers, ML Pittard, JL Roberts, RC Warner, BK Galton-Fenzi, CS Watson and R Coleman

**Heat Transfer**

A comparison of meso-scaled heat flux and temperature in fully-developed turbulent pipe and channel flows, S Saha, JC Klewicki, ASH Ooi and HM Blackburn

Rayleigh-Benard roll formation in a thermal intrusion, SE Norris

Direct numerical simulation of natural convection in an vertical channel, CS Ng, D Chung and A Ooi

Natural convection in a periodically heated slot, MZ Hossain and JM Floryan

A numerical study of plume separation above a thin fin in a differentially heated cavity, Y Liu, C Lei and JC Patterson

Interaction of separating plumes from a horizontal fin with downstream thermal boundary layer in a differentially heated cavity, Y Liu, C Lei and JC Patterson

Effect of standoff distance on the partitioning of surface heat flux during subcooled jet impingement boiling, S Abishek, R Narayanaswamy and V Narayanan

Study of radiative heat transfer in Titan atmosphereric entry, H Porat, RG Morgan and TJ McIntyre

Radiation from simulated atmospheric entry into the gas giants, CM James and RG Morgan

**Hydrodynamics**

Investigation of wave formation using 3D3C measurement technique, F Ting, WT Lai and MYC Khoo

Development of an OpenFOAM tool for bubble transport studies in a propeller flow, SJ Zhu, A Ooi and HM Blackburn

Numerical simulation of spheres in relative motion using dynamic meshing techniques, ZQ Leong, D Ranmuthugala, I Penesis and HD Nguyen

Comparison of fluid forces and wake modes between free vibration and tracking motion of a circular cylinder, J Zhao, A Nemes, D Lo Jacono and J Sheridan

On the break-up of a turbulent liquid wall sheet, TC Fu, PM Bardet, EE Hackett and A Kowalski

A high Froude number time-domain strip theory for ship motions in irregular waves, B French, G Thomas, M Davis and D Holloway

Use of computational fluid dynamics as a tool to assess the hydrodynamic performance of a submarine, PG Marshallsay and AM Eriksson

Deep water entry of high speed ferry bows, MR Davis, J Lavroff, GA Thomas and G Davidson

On the road to establishing ventilation probability for Moth sailing dinghies, TA Barden and JR Binns

Particle image velocimetry measurements on a generic conventional submarine hull form, C Kumar, P Manovski and M Giacobello

The effect vapour cavitation occurrence on the hydrodynamic performance of an intercepted base-ventilated hydrofoil, BW Pearce and PA Brandner

The prediction of wave patterns at large distances from a moving body in a confined channel, M Javanmardi, JR Binns, MR Renilson and G Thomas

Application of RANSE based simulations for resistance prediction of medium-speed catamarans at different scales, M Haase, F Iliopulos, G Davidson, S Friezer, G Thomas, J Binns, N Bose, J Lavroff and MR Davis

Experimental investigation on hydrodynamic loads on subsea structure, J Hill, S Laycock, S Chai, H Morand and R Frost

**Industrial Flows**

Thermodynamic investigation of raised-floor air-cooled data centres, B Fakhim, FR Baloch, N Srinarayana, M Behnia and SW Armfield

Numerical computation of pressure drop across an off supplementary firing burner in heat recovery steam generator, S Karimkashi, MJ Kermani, A Sharifian and J Hashempour

Image based flow visualisation of experimental flow fields inside a gross pollutant trap, JT Madhani, J Young and RJ Brown

Characterization of a water-mist spray: Numerical modelling and experimental validation, MHI Mahmud, KAM Moinuddin and GR Thorpe

The effect of inlet velocity and temperature on the strength of the swirling induced by a spilt channel: A CFD approach, RS Al-Atresh, SA Sharifian and A Al-Faruk

Experimental study of the causes of the fishhook effect in a mini-hydrocyclone, GF Zhu, JL Liow and AJ Neely

Multiphase fluid flow simulations and performance analysis of turbodrills, A Mokaramian, V Rasouli and G Cavanough

Humidity reduction for wet scrubbers in underground coal mines, R Situ, RJ Brown, H Wang, N Surawski and ZD Ristovski

Dilution of toxic gases and smoke emissions from resdidential chimneys using a low-cost cap, A Sharifian and J Hashempour

An experimental investigation and modelling of fluid flow in solar photocatalytic reactor for contaminated water treatment, SJ Khan, MG Rasul, RH Reed and G Liu

**Jets and Wakes**

Phase-averaged analysis of three-dimensional vorticity and temperature dissipation rate in the near field of a heated cylinder wake, T Zhou, H Cao, Y Zhou, Z Hao and L Cheng

Large eddy simulation of flow past a circular cylinder at Re 3900, W Sidebottom, A Ooi and D Jones

The proper orthogonal decomposition in the analysis of the wake behind a foamed and a finned circular cylinder, M Khashehchi, K Hooman, A Ooi and T Roesgen

The flow structures of a transversely rotating sphere at high rotation rates, J Dobson, A Ooi and EKW Poon

Flow-field around a metal foam cylinder, A Abdi, M Khashehchi and K Hooman

PIV study on the interaction of triple transitional round fountains in a homogeneous fluid, H Mahmud, B Hill, W Gao, W Lin, Y He and SW Armfield

3D numerical simulations of a transitional axisymmetric synthetic jet, C Fischer and R Sharma

Onset of asymmetry and three-dimensionality in transitional round fountains in a linearly stratified fluid, W Gao, W Lin, T Liu and SW Armfield

Flow around four circular cylinders in square configuration, XK Wang and SK Tan

Numerical simulation of the flow within and in the emerging field of a fluidic precessing jet nozzle, X Chen, ZF Tian and GJ Nathan

Normalising particle-distribution biases using jet injection, PAM Kalt and CH Birzer

Large eddy simulation of a steady circular jet issuing into quiescent fluid, JW Jewkes, AJ King and YM Chung

Influence of planar and corrugated sheet on turbulent wake behind flat plate with thick trailing edge, Y Jodai

The preferred and shear layer modes in a jet under passive control, H Sadeghi and A Pollard

Mixing mechanism of pulsed jets with applications to fuel delivery in combustion applications, J Anders, M Ameen, V Magi and J Abraham

**Micro/Nano-Fluidics**

A force balance model for the size prediction of droplets formed in T-junction with xanthan gum solutions, ZP Gu and JL Liow

Coarse grained molecular dynamics simulations of sub-micron liquid cylinders and jets, A Tiwari and J Abraham

Arbitrarily high order BGK-Shakhov method for the simulation of micro-channel flows, DM Bond, V Wheatley, MN Macrossan and M Goldsworthy

A coupled SPH-DEM model for fluid and solid mechanics of apple parenchyma cells during drying, HCP Karunasena, W Senadeera, YT Gu and RJ Brown

**Multiphase Flows**

Drop interactions in transient flows with applications to liquid sprays, V Magi and J Abraham

A numerical investigation of immiscible two-phase fluid flow behaviour in square and circular curved ducts, TT Chandratilleke and N Nadim

Shear driven films on cylinder bores, IH Jahn

Simulating Plateau-Rayleigh instability and liquid reentrainment in a flow field using a VOF method, BJ Mullins, R Mead-Hunter and AJC King

Comparison of the Rayleigh-Plesset and Gilmore equations and additional aspects for the modelling of seismic airgun bubble dynamics, KL de Graaf, I Penesis and PA Brandner

Modeling laser-generated cavitation bubbles, CM Christian, EG Paterson and AA Fontaine

**Non-Newtonian Flows**

Numerical study of performance of a torque converter employing a power-law fluid, SA Talukder and BP Huynh

Turbulence modification in the pipe flow of a shear-thinning fluid, M Rudman and HM Blackburn

**Oceanography**

Stochastic subgrid model with scaling laws for oceanic simulations, V Kitsios, JS Frederiksen and MJ Zidikheri

Nonlinear intrinsic and forced modes of low frequency variability in simulated southern ocean - sea ice dynamics, TJ O'Kane, RJ Matear, MA Chamberlain, JS Risbey, BM Sloyan and I Horenko

Anomalous Ekman transport near Kerguelen Island, CJ Roach, HE Phillips, NL Bindoff and SR Rintoul

Controls of the basal mass balance of floating ice shelves, DE Gwyther, BK Galton-Fenzi and JL Roberts

Experimental and numerical modelling of landslide-generated tsunamis, CN Whittaker, RI Nokes and M Davidson

Direct numerical simulation of horizontal thermal convection driven by differential heating, B Gayen, RW Griffiths, GO Hughes and JA Saenz

A low-cost, single camera stereoscopic video imaging technique for 3-D reconstruction of water waves, BS Zielinski, CM de Silva and JP Monty

**Pipe Flows**

Distribution of pulverized coal flow in a power station pipe network, BR Paynter and BP Huynh

Grooved-induced drag reduction in annular flows, HV Moradi and JM Floryan

The influence of bacteria based biofouling on the wall friction and velocity distribution of hydropower pipes, SCT Perkins, AD Henderson, JM Walker and XL Li

On the stability and optimal growth of time-periodic pipe flow, JRA Nebauer and HM Blackburn

**Renewable Energy/Geothermal**

Quantification of contact resistance of metal foam heat exchangers for improved, air-cooled condensers in geothermal power application, A Chumpia and K Hooman

Numerical simulation of convective heat transfer for supercritical CO2 in vertical pipes using V2F turbulence model, P Forooghi, R Xu, PX Jiang and K Hooman

Numerical simulation of solar enhanced natural draft dry cooling towers, Z Zou, Z Guan and H Gurgenci

CFD simulations on small natural draft dry cooling towers, Y Lu, Z Guan and H Gurgenci

CFD modelling the velocity profile within a Single Horizontal Fracture in an Enhanced Geothermal System, X Zu, ZF Tian, R Mohais and C Xu

**Renewable Energy/Wave-Tidal**

Numerical and experimental simulation of a straight-bladed vertical axis tidal turbine, P Marsh, D Ranmuthugala, I Penesis and G Thomas

Experimental parametric investigation of an oscillating hydrofoil tidal stream energy converter, GH Huxham, S Cochard and J Patterson

Multiphase dynamics of oscillating-water-column ocean wave energy converters, S Illesinghe, MdK Hasan and R Manasseh

Blade loading for tidal turbines subjected to multi-frequency oscillatory motion, IA Milne, AH Day, RN Sharma and RGJ Flay

Flow about an oscillating plate, made of a flexible material, used to extract sea-wave energy, F Mahmood and BP Huynh

Experiment based 2D 2C velocity fields in oscillating water column ocean wave energy converter, A Fleming, G Macfarlane, I Penesis, N Bose and S Hunter

**Renewable Energy/Wind**

Blind test'' predictions of the performance and wake development for a model wind turbine, PA Krogstad and PE Eriksen

A Tomo-PIV study of stall-delay on the blade of a 5kW horizontal-axis wind turbine, HM Lee and Y Wu

Numerical investigation of performance of a new type of Savonius turbine, A Al-Faruk, SA Sharifian and S Al-Atresh

Comparison of wind turbine actuator methods using Large Eddy Simulation, JE Cater, SE Norris and RC Storey

Effects of spacing between wind turbines on blade dynamic stall, A Choudhry, J Mo, M Arjomandi and R Kelso

Estimation of dynamic stall on wind turbine blades using an analytical model, A Choudhry, M Arjomandi and R Kelso

Experimental study of the performance of bare and nozzle - diffuser shrouded micro wind turbine under axial and non-axial inflow condition, PB Kosasih, N Bryce, A Tondelli and A Beazley

Generation, evolution and breakdown of helical vortex wakes, A Nemes, M Sherry, D Lo Jacono, HM Blackburn and J Sheridan

A method for computational and experimental analysis of the moored wind turbine seakeeping, M Kraskowski, K Zawadzki and A Rylke

Numerical analysis of non-profiled plate for flapping wing turbines, CO Usoh, J Young, JCS Lai and MA Ashraf

Model test of a 5MW floating offshore wind turbine moored by spring-tension-leg, PT Dam and H Shin

**Rotating Machines**

Numerical simulation of flow inside a vaned diffuser of a modified centrifugal compressor, LH Jawad, S Abdullah, R Zulkifli and WMF Wan Mahmood

The effect of stator reduced frequency on boundary layer development at the leading edge of a compressor stator, SCT Perkins and D Henderson

Study of discrete-hole film cooling scheme for curved wall, MM Zhao, YP Ge and C Zhang

**Sports Aerodynamics**

Elite cycling aerodynamics: Wind tunnel experiments and CFD, MD Griffith, T Crouch, MC Thompson, D Burton and J Sheridan

Dip and drift in spin bowling, A Keith, P Britton and J-L Liow

Aerodynamics of oval shaped sports balls, F Alam, V Djamovski, S Smith, H Chowdhury, S Watkins and A Subic

A comparative study of baseball and soft ball aerodynamics, F Alam, V Djamovski, S Smith, H Chowdhury, LV Smith, S Watkins and A Subic

An experimental study of knitted fabrics used in elite Sports, H Moria, H Chowdhury, F Alam, C Pevitt, F Aldawi, A Jadhav, M Warnakula and R Padhye

**Turbulence**

Spectral method for determining mean dissipation rates of turbulent kinetic energy and passive scalar variance, SK Lee, L Djenidi and RA Antonia

The large-scale wall-to-wall interaction in fully developed turbulent channel flow, YS Kwon, K Chauhan, CM de Silva, JP Monty and N Hutchins

Dynamic time-scale for Lagrangian-averaged subgrid-scale models based on Rice's formula, C VerHulst and C Meneveau

The impacts of scale resolutions on the turbulent flow over a rough backward-facing step, Y Wu, H Ren and H Tang

A note on local isotropy criteria in shear flows with coherent motion, F Thiesset, L Danaila and RA Antonia

A comparative study of the spatial averaging in V and X-probes for the measurements of streamwise and spanwise velocities in wall turbulence, J Philip, R Baidya, N Hutchins, JP Monty and I Marusic

Volumetric measurements by tomographic PIV of an open channel flow behind a turbulent grid, T Earl, R Ben Salah, L Thomas, B Tremblais, S Cochard and L David

**Turbulent Boundary Layers**

Wall shear-stress statistics for the turbulent boundary layer by use of a predictive wall-model with LES, M Inoue, R Mathis, I Marusic, DI Pullin

Measurements of streamwise and spanwise fluctuating velocity components in a high Reynolds number turbulent boundary layer, R Baidya, J Philip, N Hutchins, JP Monty and I Marusic

Effects of diverging and converging roughness on turbulent boundary layers, B Nugroho, N Hutchins and JP Monty

Tow-tank investigation of the developing zero-pressure-gradient turbulent boundary layer, JH Lee, YS Kwon, JP Monty and N Hutchins

Three dimensional conditional structure of velocity fluctuations in a high Reynolds number turbulent boundary layer, Krishna TM, C Morrill-Winter, R Ebner, N Hutchins, J Klewicki and I Marusic

Implementation of large scale PIV measurements for wall bounded turbulence at high Reynolds numbers, CM de Silva, KA Chauhan, CH Atkinson, NA Buchmann, N Hutchins, J Soria and I Marusic

**Vehicle Aerodynamics**

The influence of compressibility effects in correlation issues for aerodynamic development of racing cars, J Keogh, G Doig and S Diasinos

Unsteady computational simulation of the flow structure of an isolated wheel in contact with the ground, PRK Dassanayake, D Ramachandran, L Salati, TJ Barber and GC Doig

A computational simulation of aerodynamic drag reductions for heavy commercial vehicles, C Pevitt, H Chowdury, M Moriaand and F Alam

CFD simulations of crosswind impinging on a high speed train model, A Bouferrouk, D Hargreaves and H Morvan

Study of open and closed wheels aerodynamic of racing cars in wind tunnels with movable ground at different car speeds, MS Al Muharrami, SM Almousa, AFM Almutairi, DMS Almutairi, M Coffey, A Martin, C Pereira, JL Perks, ES Stewart, KI Sultan, DJW Wakefield, AL Wines and AS Boretti

**Wind Engineering/Building Flows**

Appropriate boundary conditions for a pressure driven boundary layer, PJ Richards and SE Norris

The ill-defined parameters of the building internal pressure dynamics problem, RN Sharma

Wind speed up over hills and complex terrain, and the risk to infrastructure, RGJ Flay, R Turner, M Revell, P Carpenter, P Cenek and AB King

Numerical analysis of ventilation flow through a three dimensional room fitted with a two sided windcatcher, AR Niktash and BP Huynh

Tracer dispersion in a multi-compartment structure, A Skvortsov, B Suendermann, G Gamble, M Roberts, O Ilaya and D Pitaliadda